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Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi’nde Balıkçıların Sosyo-Ekonomik Yapısı
(Socio-economic Structure of Fishermen Eastern Black Sea (Turkey) )

Author : Naciye ERDOĞAN SAĞLAM  Gizem ÖZBEK Ertuğ DÜZGÜNEŞ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-3
Page : 259-270


Summary
Bu araştırmada Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi deniz balıkçılığı, balıkçıların örgütlenme yapıları ve kooperatif üyesi balıkçıların sosyo-ekonomik yapısı değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma materyalini su ürünleri kooperatiflerine üye olan balıkçılar oluşturmaktadır. Bu amaçla Artvin, Trabzon, Giresun, Ordu, Samsun ve Sinop illerinde toplam 389 adet balıkçı ve tekne sahibi ile görüşme yapılarak balıkçı gemilerinin teknik özellikleri, sosyal ve ekonomik durum, var olan problemler belirlenmiş ve çözüm önerileri sunulmuştur. Yapılan araştırma sonucunda tüm illerde tekne boyları, tayfa sayısı, sosyal güvence ve gelir memnuniyetleri arasında benzerlikler olduğu, eğitim durumları, yaş dağılımları ve balıkçılığı seçme nedenleri arasında ise farklılıklar olduğu gözlemlenmiştir. Yapılan görüşmelere göre balıkçılık organizasyonlarının yetersizliği, aşırı avcılığa karşı sessiz kalınması, yasadışı ve düzensiz avcılık, balıkçı barınaklarının alt yapı eksikliği ve balıkçılığın devamı için finansal destek olmaması gibi sorunlar olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Doğu Karadeniz, sosyo-ekonomik yapı, deniz balıkçılığı, Türkiye

Abstract
In this research, organizational and socio-economic structure of fishermen was evaluated in the Eastern Black Sea Region. This study was conducted with the participation of fishers as members of the fisheries cooperatives in several locations on the Eastern Black Sea coast. Total of 389 fishermen and vessel owners in Artvin, Trabzon, Giresun, Ordu, Samsun and Sinop provinces were interviewed on technical characteristics of their fishing vessels, together with social and economic state, and existing problems. After evaluations several solutions were proposed. As a result of the survey, it was observed that there are similarities with the problems and socio-economic state of fishermen of the other cities and locations on the size of vessels, number of crews, lack of insufficient social security and income appreciation from fisheries and dissimilarities on their social status as education, age distribution, and the reason to be involved in fisheries. According to the negotiations, existing problems were stated as insufficient infrastructure of fishery organizations, failures to find against overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fisheries, lack of infrastructures in fishing ports and financial support to maintain their life in the fisheries sector.

Keywords
Eastern Black Sea, socio economy, marine fisheries, Turkey

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