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Ziraat bankasının basınçlı sulama destek sisteminin değerlendirilmesi
(Evaluation of pressurized irrigation support system of Ziraat Bank )

Author : Belgin ÇAKMAK  Melih DEMİRCİOĞLU  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-3
Page : 181-188


Summary
21.yüzyılda suyun giderek kıt bir kaynak olması nedeniyle etkin su kullanımı büyük bir önem kazanmıştır. En fazla su kullanıcı sektör olan tarımda, su tasarrufu sağlayan sulama randımanı yüksek modern teknolojilerin kullanımı teşvik edilmektedir. Ülkemizde 2006 yılında başlatılan “Kırsal Kalkınma Yatırımlarının Desteklenmesi Projesi” ile basınçlı sulama yöntemleri hibe yoluyla desteklenmeye başlanmıştır. Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı tarafından “Damla ve Yağmurlama Sulama Sistemiyle Bilinçli Sulama, Bereketli Gelecek Projesi” hazırlanmıştır. Bilinçli Sulama ve Bereketli Gelecek Projesi çerçevesinde çiftçilere damla ve yağmurlama sistemi kurmaları için Ziraat Bankası tarafından 2007 yılından itibaren faizsiz ve 5 yıl vadeli kredi verilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Türkiye genelinde 11 il seçilmiş ve bu illerde Ziraat Bankasından kredi alarak basınçlı sulama sistemi tesis ettiren toplam 81 çiftçi ile anket yapılmıştır. Ankette, genel olarak çiftçilerin sulama sisteminden memnuniyet durumu, basınçlı sulama ile birlikte tarımsal faaliyetlerde meydana gelen değişimler ve sulama sırasında karşılaşılan sorunlara yönelik çiftçi görüşleri alınmıştır. Çalışmada, Ziraat Bankası tarafından desteklenen basınçlı sulama sistemleri değerlendirilmiş ve elde edilen sonuçlar tartışılmıştır.

Turkish Keywords
Basınçlı sulama sistemleri, sulama desteği, tarımın finansmanı, su kaynakları

Abstract
Efficient use of water increasingly gained importance due to the water is a scarce resource, in the 21st century. The use of modern high-efficiency water-saving irrigation technology is encouraged in agricultural sector which is the highest water user, In our country, "Rural Development Investment Support Project" which was launched in 2006, began to be supported pressurized irrigation methods through grants. Conscious Irrigation, Fertile Future Project with Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation Systems was prepared by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. Loans are given to the farmers to install drip and sprinkler systems with interest-free and 5 years term since 2007 by the Ziraat Bank, in the framework of the Conscious Irrigation and Fertile Future project. In this study, 11 provinces were selected and 81 farmers who took loan from the Ziraat Bank for installation of pressurized irrigation systems were made questionnaire. In the questionnaire, some data were obtained about overall satisfaction with the farmers' irrigation system status, changes occurring in agricultural activities with pressurized irrigation for farmers and the views for problems during irrigation. In this study, pressurized irrigation systems supported by the Ziraat Bank were evaluated and discussed.

Keywords
pressurized irrigation systems, irrigation support, financing of agriculture, water resources

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