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Farklı Sıra Aralıkları ve Bitki Sıklığının Ketencik (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) Bitkisinin Verim ve Verim Komponentleri Üzerine Etkisi
(Effect of Different Row spacings and Plant Densities on The Yield and Yield Components of False Flax (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) )

Author : Duran KATAR  Nimet KATAR  
Type :
Printing Year : 2017
Number : 2017-1
Page : 76-85


Summary
Bu çalışma Eskişehir ekolojik koşulları altında 2012-2013, 2013-2014 ve 2014-2015 vejetasyon döneminde 3 yıl süreyle yürütülmüştür. Tarla denemeleri tesadüf bloklarında bölünmüş parseller deneme desenine göre 3 tekerrürlü olarak yürütülmüştür. Ana parsellere farklı sıra aralıkları (15, 30 ve 45 cm) ve alt parsellere bitki sıklıkları(100, 200, 300 ve 400 adet bitki/m2) gelecek şekilde tasarlanmıştır. Çalışmanın amacı farklı sıra aralıklarının ve bitki sıklıklarının ketencik bitkisinin bitki boyu (cm), yan dal sayısı (adet/bitki), 1000-tohum ağırlığı (g), tohum verimi (kg/da), yağ oranı (%) ve yağ verimi (kg/da) üzerine etkisini araştırmaktır. Ortalama bitki boyu (cm), yan dal sayısı (adet/bitki), 1000 tohum ağırlığı (g), tohum verimi (kg/da), yağ oranı (%) ve yağ verimi (kg/da) değerleri sırasıyla 88,59 cm, 9,57 adet/bitki, 1,259 g, 184,54 kg/da, % 33,53 ve 70,08 kg/da olarak tespit edilmiştir. Çalışmanın sonuçları farklı sıra arası mesafenin ve bitki sıklıklarının ketencik bitkisinin tohum verimi üzerinde önemli etkiye sahip olduğunu göstermiştir. Yılların ortalaması olarak en yüksek tohum (285,8 kg/da) ve yağ verimi (95,9 kg/da) 15 cm sıra arası ve metre kareye 600 adet bitki sıklığından elde edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Sıra araları, tohumluk miktarı, verim ve Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz

Abstract
This study was carried out under the ecological conditions of Eskişehir during 2012-2013, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 vegetation seasons. The field experiments were carried out in the randomized complete block in a split plot design with three replications. The different row spacings (15, 30 and 45 cm) and plant densities (100, 200, 300 and 400 number plant/m2) were randomized into main and sub plots, respectively. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of different row spacings and plant densities on the plant height (cm), number of branches per plant, 1000 seed weight (g), the seed yield (kg), oil content (%) and oil yield of false flax. Mean data for plant height (cm), number of branches per plant,1000 seed weight (g), oil content %, seed yield (kg/da) and oil yield (kg/da) were 88,59 cm, 9,57 number per plant, 1,259 g, 184,54 kg/da, 33,53 % and 70,08 kg/da, respectively. The results of the study indicated that different row spacings and plant densities had an important effect on seed yield (kg/da) in false flax. The mean data from the three experimental years showed that the highest seed yield (285.8 kg/da) and oil yield (95.9 kg/da) was recorded for row spacing (15 cm) and plant densities (600 number plant/m2).

Keywords
Row spacing, seed rate, yield and Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz

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