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Orta ve Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi Doğal Popuslasyonundan Örneklenen Böğürtlen Genotiplerinin UPOV Kriterleri ile Morfolojik Olarak Tanımlanması
(Description of the Blackberry Genotypes Sampled from Natural Ecosystem of Middle and Eastern Blacksea Region by Morphological Traits According to UPOV Criteria )

Author : Çetin ÇEKİÇ  Selim SARI Sinem ÖZTÜRK ERDEM  
Type :
Printing Year : 2011
Number : 2011-2
Page : 117-126


Summary
Bu çalışmada Karadeniz bölgesinin sekiz ilini kapsayan alandan örneklenen 44 yabani böğürtlen genotipi kullanılmıştır. Genotipler arası morfolojik düzeyde farklılıklar ve benzerliklerin belirlenmesinde UPOV deskriptörü kullanılmıştır. UPOV deskriptörüne göre uniform bitkiler üzerinde iki yıl boyunca yapılan ölçüm ve gözlemler kriter puanlarına dönüştürülmüştür. Bu puanlar kullanılarak yapılan analizlerde genotiplerin dendogram ve temel koordinat kümelemeleri çıkartılmıştır. Kümeleme ve dendogram sonuçları genotipleri biri küçük ve diğeri büyük iki ana gruba ayırmıştır. Gruplamalarda, küçük istisnalar olmakla birlikte genotiplerin kaynak noktalarındaki coğrafik yapıların etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Küçük ana grup 1000 m üzeri yükseklikteki yayla bölgelerinden alınan genotipler olurken, büyük ana grubun alt iki grubu Karadeniz sahil kesimi genotipleri ve iç Karadeniz genotipleri olarak kümelenmişlerdir.

Turkish Keywords
Böğürtlen, morfoloji, genotip, UPOV

Abstract
In this study, 44 of wild blackberry genotypes collected from various locations in the Black Sea region covering eight cities were used. UPOV descriptor was used to determine morphological differences and similarities among genotypes. The morphological observations and measurements on uniform plants during during two years were converted to UPOV criteria scores. Dendograms and principle coordinate analysis were obtained by using these scores. The results of dendogram and coordinate analysis put the genotype into two major groups, one is big and the other is small. It is observed that there are some effects of the geographical factors of original locations where the main materials of genotypes taken on the morphological characters. While the small main group of dendogram contains the genotypes taken from over 1000 m altitude, the bigger main group divided into two sub groups, one comprises the genotypes taken from the coast of Black Sea and, one contains the genotypes were taken from internal black sea region.

Keywords
Blackberry, morphology, genotype, UPOV

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