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Organik Ürünlerde Tüketici Eğilimlerinin Belirlenmesi Üzerine Bir Araştırma: Sakarya İli Örneği
(Consumption Trend of Organic Product and Determination of Consumer Profile: A Case Study of Sakarya )

Author : Selin Tuğba VAROĞLU  Şule TURHAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-3
Page : 189-196


Summary
Çalışmada Sakarya İl’inde tüketicilerin organik ürün tüketim eğilimlerinin belirlenmesi ve bazı pazarlama özelliklerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmış, bu nedenle Sakarya İl’inde organik ürün pazarlarında toplam 250 tüketiciye anket uygulanarak elde edilen veriler değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma verileri, tesadüfi örnekleme metodu, korelasyon katsayısı, shapiro-wilk analizi ve khi-kare testi kullanılarak yorumlanmaya çalışılmıştır. Verilerin analizinden elde edilen sonuçlara göre, tüketicilerin organik ürünlere yönelik tutum ve davranışları belirlenmeye, Türkiye’de organik ürünlerin pazar yapısının ve tüketici profilinin geliştirilmesine yönelik potansiyel iyileştirmeler elde edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, eğitim seviyesi ve gelir seviyesi yüksek, orta yaş ve üzeri tüketici grubu organik ürün tüketmektedir. Organik ürüne olan güven, organik ürünlerinin sağlığa olan etkilerini önemseme, geleneksel ürünlerle olan fiyat farkının azaltılması ve organik ürüne ulaşabilme kolaylığı organik ürün tüketimini arttırıcı faktörler arasında yer almaktadır. Öte yandan organik ürün çeşit sayısının azlığı, kontrol ve sertifikasyon ile ilgili olarak tüketici bilincinin oluşmaması ve pazarlama önemli sorunlar arasında yer almaktadır. Pazarlama marjının tüketici lehine olması, reklam faaliyetleri ve tüketicilerin bilgilendirilmesine yönelik yapılacak çalışmalar organik ürünlerin tüketimini arttırmada etkili olan faktörler arasındadır.

Turkish Keywords
Organik, pazarlama, tarım, tüketici profili, tüketim eğilimi

Abstract
In this study of Sakarya in the determination of the consumption trends of consumers of organic products and some marketing study of the properties intended , therefore, in the province of Sakarya total of 250 consumers in the markets of organic products obtained data were evaluated by a questionnaire. Research data , random sampling method , the correlation coefficient , the Shapiro-Wilk analysis and chi- square test is tried. According to the results obtained from the analysis of data consumers to determine attitudes and behavior towards organic products , organic products in Turkey and the consumer profile of the structure of the market potential for the development of improvements were made to obtain. According to the survey , education level, and income level is high, middle age and older consume organic products are consumer groups . Confidence in organic products , organic care about the health effects of their products , traditional products and organic products to reduce the price gap with ease of access to and consumption of organic products are among the contributing factors . On the other hand, the low number of varieties of organic products , inspection and certification of consumer awareness regarding avoid and marketing are among the major problems . Marketing margin to be in favor of consumers , advertising activities and work to be done to inform consumers of organic products consumption will increase.

Keywords
Organic, agriculture, consumption trend, consumer profile, marketing

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