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Farklı Fosfor ve Potasyum Düzeylerinin Kamkat (Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swing)’ın Büyüme ve Gelişimine Etkileri
(Effect of Phosphorus and Potassium Aplications on Growth of Kumquat (Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swing) Plant )

Author : Murat GÜNERİ  Hülya AKAT Bülent YAĞMUR İbrahim YOKAŞ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2016
Number : 2016-1
Page : 64-74


Summary
Çalışmanın amacı; artan düzeylerde, birlikte yapılan fosfor ve potasyum uygulamalarının kamkat bitkisinin fidan gelişimi, meyve özellikleri, verim ve beslenme düzeylerine etkisini araştırmaktır. Çalışma, Haziran 2011-Şubat 2013 döneminde yapılmıştır. Oval kamkat olarak bilinen Fortunella margarita ((Lour.) Swing)’in 14 litrelik saksılarda bulunan fidanları bitki materyali olarak kullanılmıştır. Deneme, tesadüf blokları deneme deseninde faktöriyel düzende kurulmuştur. Bitkilere 3 farklı doz fosfor (10, 40 ve 80 mg/kg) ve potasyum (150, 300 ve 450 mg/kg) birbiri ile kombine edilerek topraktan 1’er hafta ara ile uygulanmıştır. Uygulama sonuçlarına göre, istatistik önemde olmamakla birlikte, fosfor uygulamaları anaç çapı ve fidan boyu artışı sağlamıştır. Fosfor ve potasyumun 2. dozları; kök uzunluğu, meyve ağırlığı, meyve sayısını ve verimi arttırmıştır. Fosfor uygulamaları bitki yapraklarında; N, P, Fe ve Mn kapsamını arttırmış; potasyum uygulamaları ise, genelde K miktarlarında artışa neden olmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Bitki gelişimi, Fortunella margarita, gübreleme, meyve özellikleri

Abstract
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of P and K levels which combined with each other on the seedling development nutritional status, fruit properties and yield of Kumquat plants. The research was conducted between the period of June 2011 and February 2013. The oval kumquat Fortunella margarita ((Lour.) Swing) used as plant material and they were transplanted to 14 liter pots. The experiments were conducted a randomized complete block design. Three different doses of phosphorus (10, 40 and 80 mg/kg) and potassium (150, 300 and 450 mg/kg), combined with each other, was applied in addition with the modified Hoagland solution to the soil once a week. Results, having statistical significance, showed that, phosphorus applications increased seedling rootstock diameter and length. Second doses of P and K increased length of the stem, fruit weight, the number of fruits and yield. Phosphorus applications increased plant leaves N, P, Fe and Mn, but the potassium applications, generally, increased plant K.

Keywords
Fertilization, Fortunella margarita, fruit characteristics, plant growth

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