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Konya Ekolojisinde İki Farklı Sıra Aralığının Bazı Soya (Glycine max. (L.) Merill) Genotiplerinde Verim ve Bazı Verim Unsurlarına Etkisi
(The Effect of Two Diffirent Row Spaces on Yield and Some Yield Components of Some Soybean (Glycine max. (L.) Merill) Genotypies in Konya Conditions )

Author : Hüseyin GÜNGÖR  Ali ÜSTÜN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2015
Number : 2015-2
Page : 100-106


Summary
İnsan ve hayvan beslenmesi yanında sanayideki yer alışı dolayısıyla önemi herkes tarafından kabul edilen soya fasulyesi son yıllarda az miktarlarda da olsa Konya ovasında yetiştirilmeye başlanmıştır. Genel olarak dünyada 70-75 cm sıra arasının uygulandığı bu bitkide bazı üreticiler mekanizasyonlarının 45 cm’ye uygun olması dolayısıyla bu sıra aralığında daha yüksek verim elde ettiklerini belirtmeye başlamışlardır. Ovadaki yeni ürünün doğru tekniklerle yetiştirilmesini sağlamak amacıyla ve çeşitli genotiplerde 45 ve 70 cm sıra aralığında dekara 45000 bitki sıklığının karşılaştırmasını yapmak amacıyla tesadüf blokları deneme deseninde bölünmüş parseller düzenlemesinde sıra aralıkları ana parsele ve genotipler alt parsele gelecek şekilde bu çalışma yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada tescilli çeşitlerden Arısoy, Nova, Bravo ve Çetinbey yanında Safgen Tohumculuk tarafından geliştirilmiş 11 çeşit adayı yer almıştır. Çalışma sonucunda 70 cm sıra aralığından ortalama 279.9 kg/da verim alınırken 45 cm sıra aralığından 267.0 kg/da verim elde edilmiş ancak aradaki farklılık önemsiz bulunmuştur. Yatma ve mekanizasyonun kolaylığı göz önüne alınarak 70 cm sıra aralığında soya fasulyesi yetiştiriciliğinin uygun alabileceği kanaatine varılmıştır.

Turkish Keywords
Soya fasulyesi, sıra aralığı, Konya

Abstract
Soybeans, which were accepted its importance in human and animal diets as well as its usage in industry, have been grown lately in small amounts in Konya plain. In general 70-75 cm row spacing is applied in this crop, but in Konya plain some farmers, whose agriculture is based on sugar beets and mechanization suitable for 45 cm row spacing, claim that they could get better yield from 45 cm row spacing. In order to grow soybeans properly in this plain, in 450 000 plants/ha plant density 45 and 70 cm row spacings were compared. Experiment was conducted in split plot arrangment of completely randomized block design with four replicates. Row spacings and genotypes were put in main and sub plots respectively. The genotypes in the experiment were 4 registered varieties named as Arısoy, Nova, Bravo and Çetinbey and 11 soybean lines which were developed by Safgen Seeds breeding program. The data showed that 2799 kg/ha yield were obtained from 70 cm spacing and 2670 kg/ha from 45 cm spacing. However, the difference was not significant. In considering easiness of cultivation and less lodging, 70 cm row spacing could be recommended.

Keywords
soybean, row spaces, Konya

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