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Çukurova Ekolojik Koşullarında Bazı Sıcak Mevsim Baklagil Yem Bitkilerinin Verim, Kalite ve Adaptasyonu Üzerine Bir Araştırma
(Research on Yield, Quality and Adaptation of Some Warm Season Perennial Legumes Under Çukurova Ecological Conditions )

Author : Feyza D.GÜNDEL  Yaşar KARADAĞ Selahattin ÇINAR  
Type :
Printing Year : 2014
Number : 2014-3
Page : 10-19


Summary
Bu araştırma, Çukurova koşullarında yetiştirilebilecek bazı çok yıllık sıcak mevsim baklagil yembitkilerinden Stylosanthes hamata cv Verano, Stylosanthes guianensis cv Cook, Stylosanthes scabra cv Seca, Stylosanthes scabra cv Caatinga ve Aeschynomene americana cv Lee tür ve çeşitlerinin verim, kalite ve adaptasyonlarının belirlenmesi amacıyla 2012 yılında sulanan koşullarda yürütülmüştür. Denemeler tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre dört tekerrürlü olarak kurulmuştur. Araştırmada bitki boyu, yaş ot verimi, kuru madde verimi, ham protein oranı, ADF oranı, NDF oranı ve nisbi yem değeri incelenmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, en yüksek bitki boyu (86.5 cm), yaş ot (6852.0 kg/da) ve kuru madde verimleri (1727.7 kg/da) Aeschynomene americana cv. Lee çeşidinde, en düşük ADF oranı (34.3), en yüksek ham protein oranı (17.8), en yüksek nispi yem değeri (124.5) Medicago sativa cv. Nimet yonca çeşidinde, en düşük NDF oranı (% 46.2) ise Stylosanthes hamata cv Verano çeşidinde saptanmıştır. Araştırmada incelenen tür ve çeşitlerden Stylosanthes hamata cv. Verano, Stylosanthes scabra cv. Seca, Stylosanthes scabra cv. Caatinga ve Seca, Aeschynomene americana cv. Lee çeşidinin bölgede saf olarak yetiştirilebileceği söylenebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Çokyıllık sıcak mevsim baklagil yem bitkileri, verim, kalite, adaptasyon

Abstract
This research was conducted to determine yield, quality and adaptations of some warm season perennial legumes species and cultivars as Stylosanthes hamata cv. Verano, Stylosanthes guianensis cv. Cook, Stylosanthes scabra cv. Seca, Stylosanthes scabra cv. Caatinga, Aeschynomene americana cv Lee, under irrigated conditions in Çukurova region during the year of 2012. In the study, plant height, green herbage and dry matter yield, crude protein, ADF and NDF ratios, RFV (relative feed value) were determined. The experimental design was completely randomized block design with four replications. According to the results, the highest plant height (86.5 cm), and green herbage yield (6852.0 kg/da) and dry matter yield (1727.7 kg/da) were obtained from the Aeschynomene americana cv Lee. The highest crude protein ratio (17.8%) and the lowest ADF (34.3%) were obtained from the alfalfa. The lowest NDF (46.2%) was obtained from the Stylosanthes hamata cv Verano.

Keywords
Warm season perennial legumes, yield, quality, adaptation

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