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Hatay ili Kırıkhan ilçesi taban meralarının vejetasyon yapısı üzerine bir araştırma
(A research on the vegetation structures of the pastures in district Kırıkhan, Hatay )

Author : Selahattin ÇINAR  Rüştü HATİPOĞLU, Mustafa AVCI, İlker İNAL, Celal YÜCEL, Arife AVAĞ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2014
Number : 2014-2
Page : 52-60


Summary
Bu araştırma, Hatay İli Kırıkhan ilçesinin taban kesimindeki 5 farklı merada, vejetasyon yapısının belirlenmesi amacıyla 2009 yılında yürütülmüştür. Araştırmada, her merada toplam 12 lup hattındaki 1200 noktada ölçüm yapılarak meralardaki bitkilerin türleri, cins ve familyaları, etkileri (azalıcı, çoğalıcı, istilacı), ömür uzunlukları, meraların bitki ile kaplı alan oranları, alana göre botanik kompozisyonları, incelenen meraların birbirlerine göre benzerlikleri ve her bir meranın durumu saptanmıştır. Yapılan vejetasyon etütlerinde, 22 familyadan, 41 cinse ait toplam 41 türe rastlanmıştır. Bu meralarda bitki ile kaplılık oranları nın % 84.4 – 99.0, bitki ile kaplı alanda buğdaygillerin oranının % 48.8 – 58.6, baklagillerin oranının % 8.9 – 22.1, diğer familya bitkilerinin oranının ise % 25.6 – 45.0 arasında değiştiği tespit edilmiştir. Söz konusu meralar arasındaki benzerlik katsayıları 0.53 – 0.94 arasında değişmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, incelenen meraların mera durumunun çok zayıf ve zayıf olduğu, bu ve benzer meralar için uygun ıslah yöntemlerinin belirlenerek mera durumlarının iyileştirilmesi amacıyla yeni araştırmaların yürütülmesi gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır.

Turkish Keywords
Mera, vejetasyon etüdü, lup, botanik kompozisyon

Abstract
This research was conducted to determine vegetation structures of the native pastures in the five villages of district Kırıkhan, Hatay, in the year of 2009 . Vegetations of the pastures were studied by the Loop Method. In each pasture 1200 loop measurements in 12 lines were made. Plant-covered area rate, botanical composition in the plant covered area and similarity coefficients among the pastures were calculated from the loop measurements. 41 plant species of 41 genus from 22 plant families were determined on the vegetations of the pastures. Plant cover percentages varied between 84.4 % to 99.0 % and percentages of grasses, legumes and other family plants in the total plant cover varied between 48.8 %, and 8.9 %, 25.6 %, and 58.6 %, 22.1 %, and 45.0 %, respectively, as depending on the pastures. Community similarity coefficients varied between 0.53 and 0.94 as depending on the pastures. According to the quality scores, the pastures studied were in poor and very poor conditions. It was concluded that because of poor conditions of the pastures, the research on the determination of proper improvement methods for the pastures must be conducted.

Keywords
Pasture, vegetation survey, loop method, botanical composition

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