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Kahramanmaraş Koşullarında Ana Ürün Olarak Yetiştirilen Yerfıstığı Çeşitlerinin Verlm Ve Klml Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi
(A Research On The Yield And Some Properties Of Some Groundnuts Varieties In The Kahramanmaraş Conditions )

Author : Akif EŞKALEN  Ahmet YILMAZ  
Type :
Printing Year : 1993
Number : 1993-1
Page : 210-220


Summary
Kahramanmaraş bölgesindeki monokiiltür farımı nisbeten ortadan kaldırabilecek alter¬natif bir ürün belirlemek ve ülkemizin bitkisel yağ üretimini arttırma çalışmalarına yardım¬cı olabilmek amacıyla, KAHRAMANMARAŞ Tarım 11 Müdürlüğü Tarla Bitkileri Üretme İstasyonunun sulanabilir, taban deneme alanında yürütülen bu araştırmada NC-7, Com, Ga¬zipaşa, Shulamith ve NC-17 yerfıstığı çeşitlerinin tarımsal ve teknolojik özelliklerinin belir¬lenmesine çalışılmıştır. Deneme, tesadüf blokları deneme deseninde 4 tekrarlamalı olarak kurulmuş ve yürütül¬müştür. Bu araştırmada denemeye alman yerfıstığı çeşitlerinin, bitkideki meyve verimi, bitkide¬ki meyve sayısı, meyvedeki dane sayısı, meyvede iç oram, 100 tohum ağırlığı, yağ oranı, dekara meyve verimi ve dekara yağ verimi gibi önemli özellikleri İncelenmiştir. Bir yıllık araştırma sonuçlarına göre incelenen özellikler yönünden Com ve NC-7 çeşitleri en yüksek değerleri (gram/bitki), bitkideki meyve sayısının 54.8 (adet/bitki) ve meyvedeki dane sayı¬sının 1.5 (adet/meyve) olduğu saptanmış, NC-7 çeşdinin ise meyvede iç oranının % 67.3, 100 tohum ağırlığının 90.6 gram, yağ oranının % 51.9, dekara yağ veriminin 170.987 kg/da olduğu tesbit edilmiştir. Dekara meyve verileri yönünden en yüksek 640.2 kg İle Com ve 609.1 kg İle NC-7 çe-şitleri bulunmuş, bunları sırasıyla 570.8 kg ile Shulamith, 562.5 kg ile Gazipaşa ve 536 kg ile NC-17 çeşitleri izlemiştir. Bu verilere göre tarımsal ve teknolojik yönden en iyi performans gösteren Com ve NC- 7 yerfıstığı çeşitlerinin Kahramanmaraş Bölgesinde ana ürün olarak başarıyla yetiştirilebile- cekleri sonucuna varılmıştır.

Turkish Keywords


Abstract
This study which has been carried out at Kahramanmaraş Office of Agriculture, Field Plants Producing Station on irrigable experimental ground aims at determining an alternati¬ve crop to replace monoculture agriculture in Kahramanmaraş region and to increase plant oil production of our country. During the course of the study the agricultural and technolo- jical characteristics of NC-7, Com, Gazipaşa, Shulamith and NC-17 varieties of groundnut have ben tested and determined. The experiment was set and done four repetetive times in random block patterns. In this study the important characteristics of pod such as fertility, number of pod per plant, number of kernels per pod, the shelling percentage, the weight of 100 kernels, the oil percentage and the pod yield per decare and oil yield per decare have been tested. According to the results of the experiment that lasted for a year Com and NC-7 varieties has yielded the highest values with regard to the characteristics tested. In the light of this study it has been determined that Com variety has a yield of 89.6 gram per plant, 54.8 pod per plant, 1,5 kernel per pod. On the other hand NC-7 variety each nut has 67.3 % shelling percentage, a weight of 90.6 gram for 100 seeds, an oil percentage of 51.9%, 170.987 kg of oii per decare. It has also been found out that Com yielded 640.2 kg/da and NC-7 yielded 609.1 kg/da, Shulamith with 570.8 kg/da and Gazipaşa with 562,5 kg followed these. According to these findings it has been concluded that Com and NC-7 which have the highest performance with regard to their agricultural and technological characteristics can be cultivated as a main crop in Kahramanmaraş region.

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