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Doğu Anadolu Kırmızısı, Esmer X Doğu Anadolu Kır¬mızısı Île Simmental X Doğu Anadolu Kırmızısı Fi Ve G1 Melezlerinin Çeşitli Özellikleri
(Various Characteristics Of Eastern Red, Swiss-Brown X Eas¬tern Red And Simmental X Eastern Red Fi And R1 Crosses )

Author : Mustafa ILASLAN    
Type :
Printing Year : 1994
Number : 1994-1
Page : 215-224


Summary
Uygulanan bu ıslah projesinde Simental (S) ve Esmer (E) sığırlar kullanılarak, Kars Merkez Karacören köyünde yetiştirilen Doğu Anadolu Kırmızılar (DAK) melezlenmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre DAK, EXDAK Fİ. EXDAK Gl, SXDAK Fİ ve SXDAK G1 gruplarında 1. laktasyonda süt verimleri (buzağının emdiği hariç) sırasıyla 535.03 + 15.21 1114.26+27.12, 1317.39 + 19.25, 1097.60 + 29.12, 1221.71 + 20.02 kg ; laktasyon süreleri 145.95 + 10.25,173.19 + 13.02, 182.59 + 10.15, 179.62+ 15.12,175.96+9.15 gün; Genotip gruplarında döl verimi ile ilgili özelliklerden ilkine aşım yaşı 28.50 + 1.92,26.00 +1.70, 25.50+ 2.03, 26.00 + 1.50,26.10 + 1.91 ay; ilkine doğum yaşı 37.80 + 1.90, 35.30 + 1.70, 34.80 + 2.04, 35.30 + 1.50, 35.40 + 1.93 ay; iki doğum arası süre 411.25 + 21.11, 390.46 + 16.00, 386.85 + 18.89, 377.10 + 17.15, 391.00 + 12.93 gün, buzağılarda 0-6 ay arası yaşama gücü %87.20, 92.15, 86.13, 89.23, 84.40; Buzağı doğum ağırlıkları erkek ve dişi buzağılarda 18.50 + 1.06, 17.00 + 2.01, 28.10 + 2.15, 26.70 + 2.35; 29.50 + 2.42 ve 27.60 + 2.01; 27.40 + 2.01; 26.10 + 2.14; 29.00 + 2.15, 28.20 + 2.00 kg. Ergin İneklerde canlı ağırlıklar sırasıyla 233.50 + 9.65, 306.40 + 16.97, 309.75 + 14.00, 311.90 + 20.22, 325.50 + 13.78 kg olarak saptanmıştır. Süt verimi ve canlı ağırlıklar melezlerde önemli öl¬çüde yükselmiş, yaşama gücü açısından belirgin farklılık görülmemiş, bazı döl verim özel¬likleri melezlerde daha iyi bulunmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
DAK Melezler Döl Verimi Süt Verimi Vücut Yapısı

Abstract
In this study Simmental (S) and Swiss-Brown (SB) were used for cross-breeding purpo¬ses of native Eastern Red (ER) raised at Karacören village of Kars. According to the results in ER, SB x ER FI, SB x ER Rl, SXERF1, SxER R1 groups milk yields in first lactation (except calfs consumption during weaning period respectively 535.03 + 15.21, 1114.26 + 27.12, 1317.39 + 19.25, 1097.60 + 29.12, 1221.71 + 20.02 kg; lactation periods 145.95 + 10.25, 173.19 + 13.02, 182.59 + 10.15, 179.62 + 15.12, 175.96 + 9.15 days; first mating age 28.50 + 1.92, 26.00 +¦ 1.70, 25.50 + 2.03, 26.00 + 1.50,26.10 + 1.91 months; first cal¬ving age 37.80 + 1.90, 35.30 + 1.70, 34.80 + 2.04, 35.30 + 1.50, 35.40 + 1.93 months; calving interval 411.25 + 21.11, 390.46 + 16.00, 386.85+18.89, 377.10il7.15, 391.00 ± 12.93; alive calves in 0-6 months period 87.20,92.15, 86.13, 89.23, 84.40 % ; Live-weight at birth in male and female calves 18.50 + 1.06, 17.00 + 2.01; 27.40 + 2.01, 26. 70 + 2.35; 29.50 + 2.42 and 27.60 + 2.01; 27.40 + 2.01, 26.10 + 2.14; 29.00 + 2.15, 28.20 + 2.00 kg; live-weight in mature cows were found 233.50 + 9.65, 306.40 + 16.97, 309.75 + 14.00, 311.90 + 20.22, 325.50 + 13.78 kg; milk yield and live-weights of crossbreds found signifi¬cantly higher than native ER's.

Keywords
Eastern Red Crosses Reproductive Traits Milk Yield Body Development

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