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Çiftlik Gübresi Dağıtma Maklnası İle Çalışmada İş Başarısının Belirlenmesi Üzerinde Bîr Araştırma
(An Investigation In Order To Determined Working Capacity By Using The Farmyard Manure Spreading )

Author : Ali KASAP  Güler ERDEM  
Type :
Printing Year : 1994
Number : 1994-1
Page : 71-78


Summary
Bitkisel üretim peryodunda, ürünle topraktan alman veya bitkinin istediği besin madde¬lerinin toprağa geri verilmesi, verim artışı açısından kaçınılmaz olmaktadır. Bunun bir yolu da kimyasal gübre veya çiftlik gübresi uygulamalarıdır. Kırsal kesimde birçok işletmede, bitkisel üretimin yanısıra hayvancılık ta yapılmaktadır. Dolayısıyla bol miktarda çiftlik gübresi elde edilmekte ve kullanılmaktadır. Ancak çiftlik gübresinin ahırdan alınıp tarlaya taşınması ve dağıtılması oldukça zor işlemlerdendir. İnsan sağlığı açısından da bu işlemin makina ile yapılması uygun olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, bir çiftlik gübresi dağıtma makinası ile gübreleme işleminde, zaman gereksinmesinin ve kullanılan makinanın iş başarısının saptanması amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla çalışma sırasında ayrıntılı bir zaman etüdü yapılmış ve bir saatte ne kadarlık bir alanın gübrelenebildiği ve gübreleme normunun ne kadar oldu¬ğu belirlenmiştir. Sonuçta, bir ha alan için 1.55 h gerektiği ve bir saatte 0.65 ha alanın güb- relendiği bulunmuştur.

Turkish Keywords


Abstract
To back given to soil of the aliment matters that is absorbed from soil by product or ne¬ed of the plant has been unavoidable for increasing of yield in the field crops production pe¬riod. The one method of this is artificial fertilizer applications or farmyard manure applica¬tions. The stock-breeding is done in the a lot of managements in rural section. On account of, very amount farmyards are obtained and used. But, carrying and spreading to field by taking from the stable are rather difficult procedures. The doing of this procedures by mac¬hine has been suitable an according to human healty. In this study on the manuring proce¬dures by the farmyard manure spreading are aimed to determine required time and working capacity of used machine. By the this purpose a detailly time analysis was done during the working and how much area are spreading manure in one hour and how much are manuring norm was determined. In the result, it is obtained to require 1.55 h for one hectare area and to manure of area of 0.65 ha in 1 hour.

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