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Kendine Fertil Ve Kendine Steril Monogerm Şeker Pancarı Populasyonları İçerisinden O-Tipi Bitki Seçimi
(Determination Of The O-Typeplants Fromself-Fertile And Self-Sterıle Monogerm Sugarbeet Popula Tıons )

Author : Hüseyin KOÇ  Ali KASAP Cevdet AKDAĞ Sabri GÖKMEN Zekeriya AKMAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 1995
Number : 1995-1
Page : 172-181


Summary
Bu araştırma, 1989-91 yılları arasmda Tokat'ta yürütülmüştür. 6 diploid genetik monogerm şeker pancarı hattına ait toplam 293 tozlayıcı bitki ile döl testi melez çifti yapılmıştır. Çift bitki melezlerine ait tozlayıcılardan bir adedi ölmüş, 45 adedi trotzerlik göstermiş, 38 adedi devemalize olmuştur. Melez çiftinin erkısırlarından 3'ü ölmüş, 31'i trotzerlik göstermiş ve 52'side devemalize olmuştur. Döl testi melezi çiftinin, toplam 204 adet erkısır ebeveyninden Fı , 110 adet tozlayıcısından da kendilenmiş tohum hasat edilmiştir. Ebeveynlere ait tohum (Fı ve kendilenmiş) miktarlarının düşük olduğu ve özellikle kendilenmiş tohumun şiddetli kendileme deprasyonu gösterdiği tesbit edilmiştir. Tozlayıcılara ait eksplantlar, yüzeysel sterilizasyondan soma 1 mg/l BA, 5 mg/1 IBA, 20 g/l şeker, 2 mg/1 cloramphenicol, 8 g/l agar ilaveli ve pH=5.8'e ayarlı temel MS besi ortamına dikilmiştir. Toplam 307 adet sürgün elde edilmiştir. Erkısır ebeveynlere ait toplam 2041 adet Fı bitkisi, erkısırlık bakımından kontrol edilmiş ve teste tabi tutulan tozlayıcılar arasmda O-Tipi bitkinin bulunmadığı tespit edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Şeker pancarı erkısırlık kendine fertil kendine steril O-tipi melez çifti eksplant döl testi

Abstract
This research was made in 1989-1991 in Tokat. The paire-maid was crossed with 293 pollinators which belong to 6 diploid genetic monogerm sugarbeet lines. One of the pollinators died, 45 of them were trotzer and 38 of them devemalizating. 3 male sterile plants of the paire-made died. 31 of them were trotzer, and 52 of them devemalizating. Totally, Fj seeds were harvested from 204 male-sterile parents, and inbred seeds were harvested 110 from pollinators of the paire-made. Amount of seeds of the male-sterile and male parents were low. Vigority of the inbred seed was founded low because of the inbred depression. Explant which belong to pollinators were surface sterilized. Then, the explants were planted on the basic MS medium with the 1 mg/1 BA, 5 mg/1 IBA, 20 g/1 sugar, 2 mg/1 cloramphenicol, 8 g/1 agar and adjusted pH= 5.8. Totally, 307 shoots were stimulated. 2041 Fi progenies belong to male sterile parents of the paire-maid were controlled for male sterility. Any male sterile parent was not founded that all of their progenies were male sterile.

Keywords
Sugarbeet male sterility self fertile self sterile O-Type paire-maid explant progeny t

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