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Türkiye' De Buğday Verimi Ve Ekim Alanlarının Buğda Y Üretimi Üzerindeki Etki Dereceleri Ve Buğday Ekim Alanları Duyarlılığı Üzerine Bir Araştırma
(The Degree Ofeffectıveness About The Wheat Productıveness And Sovıng Area On The Whea T Production And A Stüdyon The Sensıtıveness Of Whea T Sovıng Area )

Author : Dilek ŞİMŞEK  Osman KARKACIER  
Type :
Printing Year : 1995
Number : 1995-1
Page : 67-77


Summary
Toplam gıda gereksinmesinin karşılanabilmesi açısından buğday, ülkeler itibari ile değişen öneme sahiptir. Yapılan incelemeler sonucunda Türkiye'de gittikçe buğday ekiliş alanlarında bir artış gözlenmiştir. Bu genişlemenin çayır ve mera arazisi ve ormanların yok edilmesi suretiyle sağlanmış olduğu söylenebilir. Buğdayın üretim miktarında da incelenen dönem içerisinde artış gösterdiği tesbit edilmiştir. Bunda ekiliş alanlarındaki artışın etkisinin olduğu düşünülürsede, diğer verimi artırıcı etkenlerin kullanımının artması ve ileri yetiştinne tekniklerinin önemi yadsınamaz. Zira incelenen dönem içerisinde yapılan hesaplamalar sonucu buğday üretim artışının %60'ı verim artışından % 40'ı ise ekim alanlarının artışından kaynaklanmaktadır. Bundan böyle ekim alanının daha fazla genişletilemeyeceği düşünülürse üretimin artırılması doğrudan verimin artırılmasına bağlıdır. Yapılan regresyon ve korelasyon analizleri sonucunda buğday ekim alanlarının toplam tahıl ekim alanlarının bir fonksiyonu olduğu, buğday fiyatlarından pek etkilenmediği belirlenmiştir. Yani buğdayın geleneksel bir ürün olduğu söylenebilir.

Turkish Keywords


Abstract
Wheat has a variable importance in respect to countries in terms of having the ability to meet total food necessity. In Turkey a gradual increase in wheat grown areas has been observed. This expansion can be said to have been obtained by destroying meadows, pastures and forests. It has been determined that there was an increase in wheat production amount during the studied period. It is thought that this increase has been affected by the expansion of sowing areas, however, the increase in the usage of other effects that increase yield and the importance of advanced growing techniques can not be denied. We draw this conclusion from the fact that the wheat production in the studied period has increased 60 per cent because of yield increase and 40 per cent because of the expansion of sowing areas. If we consider that sowing areas will not be able to expanded any more, increasing the production is directly related to the yield increase. According to the results of regression and correlation analysis it has been determined that wheat soving areas are a function of total cereals sowing areas, and are not affected much by wheat price. So, wheat can be said to be a traditional production.

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