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Effect of weight asymmetry on serological parameters, tibia bone characteristics and gut morphology of pigs
(Effect of weight asymmetry on serological parameters, tibia bone characteristics and gut morphology of pigs )

Author : Chiemeka Promise Njoku  T. Ayasan, O. A. Adeyemi, O.S. Akinola, O. O. Mobolaji, T. R. Ayano and F. M. Arazi  
Type :
Printing Year : 2021
Number : 2021-1
Page : 20-27


Summary
Domuzların eşit ağırlık bazında sınıflandırılması ve büyütülmesi, domuzların refahının iyileştirilmesinde kullanılan yönetim seçeneklerinden biridir. On altı haftalık bir çalışma, domuzların ağırlık asimetrisine serolojik tepkilerini, tibia kemik özelliklerini ve bağırsak morfolojisini araştırmak için yapıldı. Elli dört Büyük Beyaz büyüyen domuz (15.33 ± 0.2 kg), muamele başına 18 domuzla üç tedaviye (Homozigot ağır, homozigot hafif ve heterozigot ağırlıklar) atandı, ayrıca tekrar başına 3 domuzla 6 kopyaya ayrıldı. Deneyin 16. haftasında, her kopya grubu için bir domuz seçildi, aç bırakıldı ve kurban edildi. Değerlendirme için kan örnekleri, bağırsak bölümleri (duodenum. Jejunum ve ileum) ve tibia kemiği toplandı. Oluşturulan veriler, SAS (2003) paketi kullanılarak 1 yönlü varyans analizine tabi tutuldu. Sonuçlar toplam protein, albümin, toplam kolesterol, yüksek yoğunluklu lipoprotein ve aspartat aminotransferazın ağırlık asimetrisinden önemli ölçüde etkilendiğini gösterdi. Ağırlık asimetrisi, domuzların duodenum villus yüksekliği ve ileum lamina propria derinliği üzerinde olumlu etkiye sahipti. Islak kemik ağırlığı, kemik uzunluğu, medial kalınlık ve tibianın lateral kalınlığı da ağırlık asimetrisinden etkilenmiştir. Ağırlık asimetrisinin domuzların bazı serolojik parametreleri, bağırsak ve tibia kemik özellikleri üzerinde olumlu etkisi olduğu sonucuna varıldı.

Turkish Keywords
asimetri; biyokimyasal parametreler; homojen morfoloji; serolojik parametreler; tibia özellikleri.

Abstract
Sorting and rearing of pigs on equal weight basis is one of management options used in improving the welfare of pigs. A sixteen week study was carried out to investigate the serological responses, tibia bone characteristics and gut morphology of pigs to weight asymmetry. Fifty-four Large White growing pigs (15.33±0.2 kg) were assigned to three treatments (Homozygous heavy, homozygous light and heterozygous weights) with 18 pigs per treatment, further sub-divided into 6 replicates with 3 pigs per replicate. On 16th week of the experiment, one pig per replicate group was selected, fasted and sacrificed. Blood samples, sections of the gut (duodenum. jejunum and ileum) and tibia bone were collected for the assessment. Data generated were subjected to 1-way analysis of variance using SAS (2003) package. The results showed that total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein and aspartate aminotransferase were significantly influenced by weight asymmetry. Weight asymmetry had positive impact on duodenum villus height and ileum lamina propria depth of the pigs. Wet bone weight, bone length, medial thickness and lateral thickness of the tibia were also influenced by weight asymmetry. It was concluded that weight asymmetry had positive impact on some serological parameters, gut and tibia bone characteristics of pigs.

Keywords
Asymmetry; biochemical parameters; homogeneous morphology; serological parameters; tibia characteris

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