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Su Stresinin Fasulyenin (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yaprak ve Toprağındaki Besin Elementleri Üzerine Etkisi
(The Effect of Water Stress on Nutrient Elements in the Leaf and Soil of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) )

Author : Sultan KIYMAZ  Ahu Alev ABACI-BAYAR, Ramazan BEYAZ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2020
Number : 2020-3
Page : 130-140


Summary
Su kaynakları, birçok kurak ve yarı kurak alanlarda ekimi ve bitki üretimini artırmak için kıt ve sınırlayıcı bir faktördür. Bu çalışma, farklı su kısıtı koşulları altında dört fasulye çeşidinin makro ve mikro besin maddelerinin toprak ve bitki konsantrasyonu üzerindeki etkilerini araştırmak için yapılmış ve serada saksı denemesi olarak yürütülmüştür. Deneme konuları üç farklı sulama seviyesi ve dört fasulye çeşidinden oluşmuştur. Tam sulama (I1.00) seviyesinde makro ve mikro besin maddelerinin aşırı olduğu, I0.50 sulama seviyesindeki besin madde miktarındaki ise azalmanın olduğu belirlenmiştir. Su kısıtının en yüksek olduğu topraktaki makro ve mikro parametrelerin en yüksek değerleri "Gina" da elde edilmiştir. Bununla birlikte, su kısıtının en yüksek olduğu konularda yapraktaki mikro elementler açısından, en yüksek değerler "Sazova", mikro elementler açısından da en yüksek değerler "Gina" da elde edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, bu çalışmada elde edilen verilere dayanarak, "Gina" nın, saksı denemesindeki diğer çeşitlere kıyasla su stresine karşı daha toleranslı olduğu söylenebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Fasulye, su kısıtı, yaprak, bitki besin maddeleri, toprak besin maddeleri

Abstract
Water resources are a scarce and limiting factor for expanding cultivation and plant production in many arid and semi-arid areas. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different water deficit levels on soil and plant concentration of macro and micro nutrients of four common bean cultivars under different water deficit conditions and was carried out in a pot experiment in a greenhouse. The treatments consisted of three irrigation regimes (I1.00, I0.75 and I0.50), to which 100%, 75% and 50% of depleted water from field capacity soil level of the pot were applied to I1.00, I0.75 and I0.50 and four varieties (Sarıkız", "Sazova", "Kırkgünlük” and "Gina). It was determined that the amount of macro and micro nutrients in the I1.00 irrigation regime was excessive, the decreases in the amount of nutrients in the I0.50 irrigation regime. The highest values of the macro and micro parameters in the soil under the highest water constraint were obtained in "Gina". However, the highest values in the "Sazova" were obtained in terms of micro elements in the leaf, and the highest values were obtained from the "Gina" in terms of macro elements in the treatments of the highest water constraint. As a result, based on the data obtained in this study, it may be stated that "Gina" is more tolerant to water stress in comparison to the other varieties in the pot experiment.

Keywords
Common bean, water deficit, leaf, plant nutrients, soil nutrients

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