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Bazı Yeni Şeker Mısırı (Zea mays saccharata Sturt.) Tiplerinin Tokat Kazova Koşullarında Bazı Kalite Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi
(Quality Traits of Some New Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt.) Types in Tokat/Kazova Conditions )

Author : Mehmet Ali SAKİN  Abdulvahit SAYASLAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2019
Number : 2019-2
Page : 135-144


Summary
Bu araştırma, su, se ve sh2 tipindeki farklı şeker mısırı genotiplerinin Tokat Kazova koşullarında bazı kalite özelliklerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada, farklı şeker oranları ve tane renklerine sahip 13 adet F1 şeker mısırı çeşidi ile bir adet kompozit çeşit kullanılmıştır. Denemeler tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre 3 tekrarlamalı olarak 2009 ve 2010 yıllarında Tokat-Kazova koşullarında yürütülmüştür. Denemede suda çözünür kuru madde (SÇKM), şeker (sakkaroz) içeriği, nem oranı, parlaklık ve renk değerleri (L, Hue, Kroma) özellikleri incelenmiştir. Çalışmada, SÇKM hariç yıllar arasında nem oranı hariç genotipler arasında ele alınan özellikler bakımından önemli farklılıklar elde edilmiştir. İki yıllık ortalama sonuçlara göre; Genotiplerin SÇKM oranları 10.7 ile 21.1 °Brix arasında değişmiş, ortalama °Brix değerleri su tipli çeşitlerde 17.8, se tipli çeşitlerde 18.9 ve sh2 tipli çeşitlerde ise 12.4 olarak belirlenmiştir. Genotiplerin sakkaroz içerikleri % 14.6 ile % 40.9 arasında değişmiş, ortalama sakkaroz içeriği su, se ve sh2 tipli genotiplerde sırasıyla % 17.0, % 30.4 ve % 35.0 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Araştırmada, ortalama nem değerleri su tipli çeşitlerde % 75.4, se tipli çeşitlerde % 75.6 ve sh2 tipli çeşitlerde % 75.9 olarak belirlenmiştir. Farklı yörelerde tüketicilerin isteklerini yerine getirecek kalitedeki genotipler belirlenerek üretime alınmalıdır.

Turkish Keywords
Şeker mısırı, kalite, çevre, şeker, su se sh2

Abstract
This research was conducted to determine certain quality traits of new sweet corn varieties of sugary (su), sugar-enhanced (se) and shrunken (sh2) types in Tokat/Kazova conditions. A composite variety together with thirteen F1 sweet corn varieties with various sugar contents and grain colors were included in the research. The field trials were conducted in 2009 and 2010 growing seasons by the randomized complete block design with three replications, and water-soluble solids (WSS), sucrose contents, moisture contents and color traits (L*, hue and choromo) were investigated. Significant differences were obtained in the investigated characteristics, except for WSS contents by year and moisture contents by genotype. WSS contents of genotypes varied from 10.7 to 21.2 in °Brix. Average WSS contents as °Brix were 17.8 in the varieties of su-types, 18.9 in the se-types and 12.4 in the sh2-types varieties. Sucrose contents of the genotypes, on a dry-matter basis, ranged from 14.6 to 40.9%, while mean sucrose contents of su-, se- and sh2-types were 17.0%, 30.4% and 35.0%, respectively. Mean moisture contents of the varieties at harvest were quite similar (75.4-75.9%). It is important that the genotypes with better performance in grain yield and quality by locations be cultivated accordingly.

Keywords
sweet corn, quality, environment, sucrose content, su, se, sh2

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