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İki farklı aşı yönteminin Sultani Çekirdeksiz üzüm çeşidi ile farklı anaçların çeliklerinin oluşturduğu aşı kombinasyonlarında bazı aşı özellikleri üzerine etkileri
(The effects of two different grafting methods on some graft properties of the graft combinations consisted of the steels of Sultani Seedless grape variety and different American rootstocks )

Author : Cuma ARIK  Ahmet ALTINDİŞLİ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2019
Number : 2019-3
Page : 211-219


Summary
Denemede Sultani Çekirdeksiz üzüm çeşidi aşı kalemleri ile üç asma anacının (1103P, 41B ve Ramsey) çelikleri kullanılmıştır. Çelikler iki farklı aşı yöntemi (omega ve yonga) ile aşılanmıştır. Denemede aşıların ve anaçların kaynaştırma ve alıştırma odalarındaki aşı başarısı değerlendirilmiştir. Kallus gelişim düzeyi bakımından 1103P anacı ve 1103P omega aşılı çelikleri başarılı olmuştur. 1103P omega aşılı çelikleri anaç tarafında ve toplam kallus bakımından en yüksek değeri alırken kalem tarafında en fazla kallus 41B yonga aşılarında belirlenmiştir. 1103P omega aşılarında en yüksek sürme görülen çelik yüzdesi (%100), en uzun ortalama sürgün uzunluğu (42. gün 19.5 cm), en fazla köklenme görülen aşılı çelik yüzdesi (42. gün %23), en fazla ortalama kök sayısı (42. gün 35 adet), en fazla ortalama kök uzunluğu (42. gün 3.8 cm) ve dip kısmında çürüme olan en az aşılı çelik yüzdesi (%10) belirlenmiştir. Aynı anacın yonga aşılı çelikleri sürme görülen aşılı çelik yüzdesi (42. gün %46), ortalama sürgün uzunluğu (42. gün 11 cm), köklenme görülen aşılı çelik yüzdesi (42. gün %17), ortalama kök sayısı (42. gün 21 adet) ve ortalama kök uzunluğu (42. gün 1.9 cm) bakımından ikinci sırada yer almıştır. İncelenen ölçütlerde genel olarak 35. günden sonra gerileme olduğundan dolayı 4 haftalık kaynaştırmanın ardından 1 haftalık alıştırma süresi uygun bulunmuştur. Ayrıca bu çalışmada 1103P ve 41B anaçları için omega aşı yöntemi ve Ramsey anacı için ise yonga aşı yöntemi ön plana çıkmıştır.

Turkish Keywords
yonga, omega, 1103P, 41B, Ramsey,

Abstract
In this experiment, scions of Sultani Seedless grapevine variety and cuttings of three vine rootstocks (1103P, 41B and Ramsey) were used. The cuttings were grafted with two different grafting methods (omega and chip-budding). Graft successes of grafting methods and rootstocks in fusion (callusing room) and adaptation rooms were evaluated. In respect of callus level, 1103P rootstock and 1103P rootstock omega grafted cuttings are successful. When 1103P omega grafted cuttings had the highest amount in respect of callus on rootstock side and total callus; the highest amount callus on scion side were weighed at 41B chip-budding grafted cuttings. 1103P/S.Ç. omega grafted cuttings had the highest percentage of sprouted grafted cuttings (42.day, 100%), average of shoot length (42.day, 19.5 cm), percentage of rooted grafted cuttings (42.day, 23%), average of root number (42.day, 35 roots), average of root length (42.day, 3.8 cm) and the lowest percentage of grafted cuttings having decay on their bottom (10%). Also chip-budding grafted cuttings of the same scion/rootstock graft combination were second about percentage of sprouted grafted cuttings (42.day, 46 %), average of shoot length (42.day, 11 cm), percentage of rooted grafted cuttings (42.day, 17%), average of root number (42.day, 21 roots) and average of root length (42.day, 1.9 cm). One week adaptation phase after four week fusion phase is considered appropriate, because there were regression in general about evaluated criteria 35 days after grafting. Moreover omega graft method for 1103P and 41B and chip-budding graft method for Ramsey with Sultani Seedless grafting combination were suggestible.

Keywords
chip-budding, omega, 1103P, 41B, Ramsey

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