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Determination of Suitable Organic Grape Production Areas in Kelkit Basin and Mapping by Geographical Information Systems
(Determination of Suitable Organic Grape Production Areas in Kelkit Basin and Mapping by Geographical Information Systems )

Author : Hakan KARADAĞ  Kenan YILDIZ, Hakan Mete DOĞAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2019
Number : 2019-3
Page : 187-196


Summary
Kelkit Havzası Tokat, Amasya, Gümüşhane, Erzincan, Giresun ve Sivas illeri sınırları içerisinde kalan 15 ilçeyi kapsamaktadır. Üzüm havzanın önemli ekonomik kaynaklarından biridir. Üzüm üretimi özellikle aşağı Kelkit Havzası bölgesinde yoğun olarak yapılmaktadır. Çalışmamızda, havzada organik üzüm üretimi için uygun alanların belirlenmesi ve haritalandırılması amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla arazi etütleri yapılmış, noktasal veriler GPS ile toplanmış ve 1230 nokta değeri hesaplanmıştır. Nokta değerinin hesaplanmasında, arazi kullanım kabiliyeti, arazi kirlilik durumu, erozyon risk grupları ve toprak grupları kriter olarak kullanılmıştır. Organik tarım uygulamalarının düzenlenmesi doğrultusunda, organik tarımla uyumlu kirlilik miktarının hesaplanmasında, yoğun tarımsal faaliyetler, yolların etkisi, yerleşim yeri etkisi, su kaynakları, toprak kirliliği ve sanayi-maden alanlarının etkileri ele alınmıştır. Bu hesaplanmış değerler kullanılarak, haritalar IDW (Ters Mesafe Ağırlıklı Enterpolasyon) analizi ile ArcGIS (9.3) programında oluşturulmuştur. Üretilen haritalara göre organik üzüm üretim alanları ortaya konulmuştur. Çalışmada, mikroklima özelliği taşıyan alanlarda ve havzanın büyük bir bölümünde organik üzüm yetiştirilebileceği belirlenmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Kelkit Havzası, Organik Bağcılık, GIS, IDW

Abstract
Kelkit Basin contained 15 districts within boundaries of Tokat, Amasya, Gümüşhane, Erzincan, Giresun and Sivas provinces. Grape is an important feature of economic items of the basin. Grape production especially making in named lower Kelkit Basin area districts intensively. Our study aimed to determine the appropriate fields for organic grape production in the basin and mapping the suitable areas. For this aim, land surveys were conducted, point data were collected with GPS and the 1230 point value is calculated. On the calculation of point value, Land Use Capability, land pollution situation, erosion risk groups and soil groups are used as criteria. In line with the regulation of organic farming practices, in calculating the amount of pollution in compliance with organic farming, intense agricultural activity, the impact of roads, settlements influence, water resources, the effects of soil pollution and industrial-mining areas were taken into account. By using these calculated values, maps were created in the program ArcGIS (9.3) by analysis of IDW (Inverse Distance Weighted). According to the generated maps, organic grape production areas were put forward. In the study, it was determined that organic grapes could be grown in areas bearing microclimate and in a large part of the basin.

Keywords
Kelkit Basin, Organic Grape, GIS, IDW

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