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Tokat İli Turhal İlçesinde Ayçiçeği Üretiminin Teknik Ve Ekonomik Yapısının Belirlenmesi Üzerine Bir Araştırma
(A Research To Determine The Technical And Economic Structure Of Sunflower Production In Turhal Country Of Tokat Province )

Author : Halil KIZILASLAN  A.Zafer GÜRLER  
Type :
Printing Year : 1997
Number : 1997-1
Page : 215-230


Summary
Bu çalışmada, Turhal ilçesinde ayçiçeği üretiminin teknik ve ekonomik yapısı île üretim ve işletme düzeyinde pazarlamada mevcut sorunların belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yörede ortalama ayçiçeği üretim alanı 21.52 dekar olup, üretim çoğunlukla sulu ve sulanabilir taban arazilerde gerçekleştiriİmektedir. Araştırma yöresinde ekim tamamen mibzerle yapılmaktadır. Yörede üreticilerin %85.71’inin hibrit ayçiçeği tohumu kullandıkları belirlenmiştir. Dekara ortalama gübre kullanımı ise 14.8 kg N, 10.7 kg P205 0. 9 kg K20’dur. Gübreleme genellikle üreticilerin deneyimine göre yapılmaktadır. Yörede üreticilerin %47.4’ü yabancı otlara karşı kimyasal mücadele yapmaktadır. Ayçiçeğinde dekara ortalama verim 232 kg’dır. Araştırma yöresinde ayçiçeği üretiminde dekara 2.05 saat makina gücü, 12.35 saat insan işgücü harcandığı saptanmıştır. 1994 Yılı cari fiyatlarına göre ayçiçeğinin kilogram maliyeti 9231 TL. ve karlılık oranı %3 olarak bulunmuştur. Üreticilerin büyük çoğunluğu KaradenizbirÎİğe üye bulunmaktadırlar. Ancak ayçiçeği alım fiyatlarının yetersiz oluşu, Karadenizbirliğin zamanında ödeme yapmaması gibi nedenlerle üreticinin ürününü tüccara satma eğiliminde olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Turkish Keywords


Abstract
In this study, the goal is the determination of present marketing problems based on the production and technical and economical structure of sunflower production in Turhal county of Tokat province. In the region, average production area of sunflower is 2.152 ha and the production has been made on the irrigated and irrigatable fertilizer soils. The saving is made by being used drill in the research area. It is determined that 85.7 percentage of the producers used hybride sunflower seeds in the region. The mean of the fertilizer consumption in hectar was 1.48 kg N, 1.07 kg P205, 0.09 kg K20. Fertilization is generally made at the mean of producer experience. 47.4 percentage of the producers in the region has made chemical control to the weeds. The mean of the yield in a hectar in the sunflower production is 2.32 kg. In the study region, in the production of sunflower, it is determined that 0.205 hours mecanical power and Ï.235 hour labor were consumed for a hectar. According to the nominal price of the year 1994, the cost of one kg sunflower was 9231 TL and the rate of rantabiliiy was found 3 percentage. Most of the producers has a membership of Karadenizbirlik. Producers have a tendency of selling the crops because of the fact that Karadenizbirlik has not made a payment in time and buying price İs not sufficient.

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