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İlkadım (Samsun) İlçesi Yerel Armutları
(LocalPears of İlkadımCounty of Samsun Province (Turkey) )

Author : Yadigar AKIN  Saim Zeki BOSTAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2018
Number : 2018-Ek Sayı
Page : 63-68


Summary
Bu araştırma 2017 yılında İlkadım ilçesi (Samsun) ve çevresinde yetiştirilen yerel armut çeşitleri üzerinde yürütülmüştür. Yörede,Sarıca ve Orak ile Çörtük adında birbirinden farklı özelliklere sahip oldukları belirlenen 3 adet olmak üzere toplam 5 adet yerel armut çeşidi belirlenmiştir. İncelenen çeşitlerde meyve ağırlığı 7.6 g (Çörtük-2) - 33.0 g (Orak); meyve eni 31.55 mm (Çörtük-2) - 37.56 mm (Orak); meyve boyu 36.98 mm (Çörtük-2) - 54.64 mm (Çörtük-3); meyve çapı 31.36 mm (Çörtük-2) – 39.04 mm (Orak); meyve eti sertliği 2.06 kg (Orak) - 7.77 kg (Sarıca ); suda çözünür kuru madde miktarı % 9.9 (Orak) - % 14.7 (Çörtük-3); meyve suyunda pH değeri 4.77 (Sarıca) - 5.39 (Orak) ve asitlik % 2.10 (Orak) - % 5.19 (Çörtük-2) arasında değişmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Armut, Yerel Çeşit, Pomoloji, Türkiye

Abstract
This research wascarriedout on 5 local pear cultivars grown in and around İlkadım county (Samsun province of Turkey) in 2017. These cultivarscalled as Sarıca and Orak, and three Çörtük cultivars that have different characteristics in the region. In thesecultivars, fruit weight varied from7.6 g (Çörtük-2) to 33.0 g (Orak); fruit width from 31.55 mm (Çörtük-2) to 37.56 mm (Orak); fruit length from 36.98 mm (Çörtük-2) to 54.64 mm (Çörtük-3); fruit diameter from 31.36 mm (Çörtük-2) to 39.04 mm (Orak); fruit flesh firmness from 2.06 kg (Orak) to 7.77 kg (Sarıca); total soluble solid content from9.9% (Orak) to 14.7% (Çörtük-3); pH value in fruit juice ranged from 4.77 (Sarıca) to 5.39 (Orak) and titratable acidity from 2.10 % (Orak) to 5.19% (Çörtük-2).

Keywords
Pear, Local Variety, Pomology, Turkey

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