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Çaykara İlçesinde Yetiştirilen Yerel Armut (Pyrus spp.) Genotiplerinin Seleksiyon Yoluyla Islahı1: I-Meyve Özellikleri
(Breeding by Selection of Local Pear (Pyrus spp.) Genotypes Grown in Çaykara County (Trabzon Province, Turkey): I-Fruit Traits )

Author : Saim Zeki BOSTAN  Gülay ÇELİKEL ÇUBUKÇU  
Type :
Printing Year : 2018
Number : 2018-Ek Sayı
Page : 75-88


Summary
Bu araştırma 2012-2013 yıllarında Trabzon ili Çaykara ilçesi ve 25 Mahallesinde yürütülmüştür. Araştırmada uzun yıllardır yetiştirilen mahalli armut genotiplerinin pomolojik özellikleri incelenmiştir. Çalışmada 169 mahalli armut genotipi belirlenmiştir. Belirlenen genotiplerin birbirleriyle karşılaştırılması amacıyla 2012 yılında yapılan tartılı derecelendirme sonucunda 97 mahalli armut genotipi meyve ağırlığı, paslılık, yeme kalitesi ve dış kalite bakımından seçilmiştir. Çalışmada ilk yıl hasat olum tarihlerine göre genotipler yazlık, güzlük ve kışlık olarak 3 gruba ayrılmışlardır. 2013 yılında yapılan tartılı derecelendirme sonucuna göre de 18 Yazlık, 9 Güzlük ve 7 Kışlık olmak üzere toplamda 34 armut genotipi ümitvar olarak belirlenmiştir. Ümitvar yazlık, güzlük ve kışlık genotiplerin meyve ağırlığı sırasıyla 81.3 g-148.7 g, 88.5 g-155.7 g ve 69.9 g-221.4 g, meyve eni sırasıyla 49.9 mm-62.2 mm, 53.0 mm-65.4 mm ve 49.3 mm-68.6 mm, meyve boyu sırasıyla 45.8 mm-78.5 mm, 54.3 mm-86.7 mm ve 52.1 mm-91.1 mm, meyve eti sertliği sırasıyla 5.0 kg cm-2-9.8 kg cm-2. 6.8 kg cm-2-13.9kg cm-2 ve 4.8 kg cm-2-8.6 kg cm-2, suda çözünür kuru madde içeriği sırasıyla % 10.0-% 14.4, % 9.7-% 12.8 ve % 11.3-% 16.6, titre edilebilir asit içeriği sırasıyla % 0.69-% 4.38, % 1.43-% 7.63 ve % 2.25-% 16.0 arasında bulunmuştur

Turkish Keywords
Pyrus communis, Armut, Pomoloji, Mahalli Çeşit, Seleksiyon

Abstract
This study was carried out in Çaykara county (Trabzon province, Turkey) and in its 25 districts during 2012-2013 years. In the research, pomological characteristics of localpeargenotypesgrown for many years were examined. 169 local pear genotypes were determined in the research. According to weighted-ranked method done based on fruit weight, rustiness, eating quality and appearance, 97 local pear genotypes were selected superior genotypes in 2012. In the study genotypes according to the first year harvest dates were divided into 3 groups as summer, autumn and winter seasons. Total 34 local pear genotypes (18 summer, 9 autumn and 7 winter seasons) were determined as promising according to weighted-ranked method in 2013. In the promising summer, autumn and winter genotypes, fruit weight were between 81.3 g-148.7 g, 88.5 g-155.7 g and 69.9 g-221.4 g,respectively; fruit width were between 49.9 mm-62.2 mm, 53,0 mm-65.4 mm and 49.3 mm-68.6 mm, respectively; fruit length were between 45.8 mm-78.5 mm, 54.3 mm-86.7 mm and 52.1 mm-91.1mm, respectively; fruit firmness were between 5.0 kg/cm2-9.8 kg/cm2, 6.8 kg/cm2-13.9 kg/cm2 and 4.8 kg/cm2-8.6 kg/cm, respectively; soluble solid contents were between 10.0 %-14.4 %, 9.7 %-12.8 % and 11.3% -16.6 %, respectively; titrable acid contents were between 0.69 %-4.38 %, 1.43%-7.63 % and 2.25%-16.0 %, respectively.

Keywords
Pyrus communis, Pear, Pomology, local variety, selection

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