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Yüksekova (Hakkari)’ yöresinde yetiştirilen üzüm çeşitlerinin ampelografik tanımlanması
(Ampelographic identification of grape varieties grown in Yüksekova (Hakkâri) region )

Author : Cüneyt UYAK  Tuncer ARSLAN Adnan DOĞAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2018
Number : 2018-3
Page : 217-226


Summary
Bu çalışma Yüksekova (Hakkari) ve köylerinde yetiştirilen üzüm çeşitlerinin ampelografik özelliklerini belirlemek amacıyla 2011-2012 yıllarında yürütülmüştür. Üzüm çeşitlerinin ampelografik özellikleri “International Board for Plant Genetic Resources” (IBPGR) tarafından geliştirilen “Descriptors for Grape” metoduna göre belirlenmiştir. Yüksekova yöresinde yetiştirilen 12 üzüm çeşidinin Vitis vinifera L. türüne ait olduğu belirlenmiştir. Tane kabuk rengi 6 çeşitte ‘yeşil sarı’ diğer 6 çeşitte ise ‘koyu kırmızı’ olarak tespit edilmiştir. Ortalama salkım ağırlığı Tırşık ve Tritelk çeşitlerinde ‘küçük’, Besirane, Mirani, Öküzgözü ve Reşmıv çeşitlerinde ‘büyük’, diğer çeşitlerde ise ‘orta’ olarak saptanmıştır. En düşük salkım ağırlığı Tritelk çeşidinde (193.50±17,78 g), en yüksek salkım ağırlığı ise Öküzgözü çeşidinde (576.30±48.22 g) belirlenmiştir. Asma başına ortalama verim 3.79-6.08 kg, suda çözünebilir kuru madde miktarı % 11-19, titreedilebilir asit miktarı 6,00-16.30 g/l değerleri arasında değişim göstermiştir. Tüm çeşitler de çiçek yapısı ‘hermafrodit’ olarak belirlenmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Yüksekova (Hakkari), ampelografi, tanımlama, Vitis vinifera L, üzüm çeşidi

Abstract
This study was conducted in 2011-2012 to determine ampelographic characteristics of the grape varieties grown in Yüksekova (Hakkâri) town and villages. Ampelographic characteristics of the varieties were determined based on “Descriptors for Grape” method developed by “International Board for Plant Genetic Resources” (IBPGR). It was determined that 12 grape varieties grown in Yüksekova region belonged to Vitis vinifera L. species. Berry skin color was ‘Green yellow’ in six varieties and ‘dark red’ in the other six varieties. Mean bunch weight of the varieties was “small” in Tırşık and Tritelk varieties, “big” in Besirane, Mirani, Öküzgözü and Reşmıv varieties and “Medium” in the others. The lowest bunch weight (193.50±17,78 g) was observed in Tritelk variety and the heaviest bunch weight (576.30±48.22 g) was observed in Öküzgözü variety. Average yield per grapevine varied between 3.79-6.08 kg, water soluble dry matter content (WSDM) varied between 11-19% and titratable acidity varied between 6,00-16.30 g/l. Flowers of all varieties were “hermaphrodite”.

Keywords
Yüksekova (Hakkari), ampelography, identification, Vitis vinifera L., grape varieties

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