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Yüzey Altı ve Yüzey Üstü Damla Sulama Sistemiyle Sulanan Kavunda Kısıntılı Sulamanın Bazı Kantitatif Parametrelere Etkisi
(The Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Some Quantitative Parameters of Muskmelon with Subsurface and Surface Drip Irrigation Systems )

Author : HALİL KIRNAK  Ergün DOĞAN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2017
Number : 2017-Ek Sayı
Page : 80-86


Summary
Bu çalışma, Harran Ovası koşullarında yetiştirilen kavun bitkisinin yüzey altı ve yüzey üstü damla sulama sistemleri ve altı farklı sulama suyu seviyesinin Class-A-Pan (CAP) den olan kümülatif buharlaşmanın susuz (I0), %25 (I25), %50 ( I50), %75 (I75), %100 (I100) ve %125 (I125)’inin kavunda bazı kantitatif parametrelere (biyomas, klorofil içeriği ve yaprak oransal su içeriği) olan etkileri arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek amacıyla yürütülmüştür. I0, I25, I50, I75, I100 ve I125 konularına uygulanan sulama suyu değerleri sırasıyla 30.5, 143.7, 256.8, 370.1, 481.2, ve 599.6 mm dir. Bu su değerlerine karşılık elde edilen biyomas değerleri; yüzey altı ve yüzey üstü damla sulama sistemleri için sırası ile 38.9 (I0) – 156.4 (I75) kg ha-1 ve 38.9 (I0) – 106.3 (I100) kg ha-1 arasında değişim göstermiştir. Klorofil içeriği, biyomas ve yaprak oransal su içeriği (YOSK) açısından yüzey altı ve yüzey üstü damla sulama sistemleri karşılaştırıldığında istatistiksel olarak p<0.05 seviyesinde bir farklılık bulunamamıştır. Klorofil değerleri yüzey altı ve yüzey üstü damla sulama sistemlerinde sırası ile 253-393 ve 272-299 arasında değişmiştir. YOSK her iki sulama sisteminde genel olarak 0.73 ile 0.86 arasında bir değişim göstermiştir. Her bir sulama sistemi altında farklı sulama suyu seviyelerinin klorofil ve biyomas üzerine etkisi p<0.05 seviyesinde önemli görülürken, YOSK açısından bu farklılık her iki sistem açısından da istatistiksel olarak önemsiz bulunmuştur..

Turkish Keywords
Kavun, kısıntılı sulama, yüzey altı ve yüzey üstü damla sulama

Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the effect of subsurface and surface drip irrigation systems over some quantitative parameters of melon such as biomass, chlorophyll content and leaf relative water content under semi-arid climatic conditions. Irrigation treatments received 0 (I0), 25 (I25), 50 (I50), 75 (I75), 100 (I100), and 125% (I125) of Class A Pan (CAP) evaporation rates. Applied irrigation water for I0, I25, I50, I75, I100 and I125 were 30.5, 143.7, 256.8, 370.1, 481.2, and 599.6 mm, respectively. Average biomass from subsurface and surface drip irrigation systems ranged from 38.9 (I0) – 156.4 (I75) kg ha-1 and 38.9 (I0) – 106.3 (I100) kg ha-1. Statistical analysis of the biomass, leaf relative water content and chlorophyll data indicated that there was no significant (P<0.05) difference between subsurface and surface drip irrigation systems. The chlorophyll content ranged from 253-393 and 272-299 for subsurface and surface drip irrigation systems, respectively. The average leaf relative water content was between 73% and 86% for both drip irrigation systems, respectively. Although there was no significant difference between these two drip irrigation systems in terms of physiological parameters, a significant change among irrigation levels under each drip irrigation system except leaf relative water content was observed.

Keywords
Muskmelon, deficit irrigations, surface and subsurface drip irrigation

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