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Walter Diyagramları Yoluyla Batı Karadeniz Tr-83 Bölgesi Üçüncü Düzey İllerinde Kuraklığın Araştırması
(The Research of Drought in The Third Level Of Tr83 Regions in Western Blacksea Through Walter Diagrams )

Author : Bekir AYYILDIZ  Arslan Zafer GÜRLER  
Type :
Printing Year : 2017
Number : 2017-Ek Sayı
Page : 73-79


Summary
İstatistiki Bölge Birimleri Sınıflandırmasında yer alan Batı Karadeniz Bölgesinde TR83 kapsamında olan TR831 Samsun, TR832 Tokat, TR833 Çorum ve TR834 Amasya illerinde tarımsal faaliyetlerin kuraklıktan etkilenme ölçülerinin ortaya konması için 1980-2014 dönemini kapsayan Walter diyagramları oluşturulmuştur. Söz konusu diyagramlar yoluyla, seçilen bölgedeki her ilin kurak ve yağışlı geçirdiği süreç ve kurak dönemlerin basit olarak gösterilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Genel bir perspektiften bakıldığında; Amasya, Tokat ve Çorum’da tarımsal kuraklık sorununun yaklaşık üç ayla sınırlı olduğu görülmektedir. Samsun ilinde ise araştırma dönemi içinde kuraklık görülmemiştir. TR 83 bölgesi içinde yer alan illerde, genel olarak yaz ve kış sıcaklıklarının artış yönünde olduğu, yağış ortalamalarının azalacağı görülmektedir. Bu durum, giderek kurak ve düzensiz iklim koşullarının yaşanacağını göstermektedir. Söz konusu durum, bölgede yetiştirilen ürünlerin sıcaklıktan ve düzensiz yağışlardan belli ölçüde etkilenebileceği söylenebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Walter Diyagramları, kuraklık, TR- 83 Bölgesi

Abstract
TheWalter diagrams covering the period 1980-2014 have been established in order to reveal the effects of drought on agricultural activities in TR831 Samsun, TR832 Tokat, TR833 Corum and TR834 Amasya which are with inthescope of TR83 in the Western Black Sea Region with Classification of Regional Units. Bymeans of these diagrams, it is aimed to Show the simple process of aridan drainy periods and dry periods of each province in the selected region. From a general perspective; It is seen that the problem of agricultural drought in Amasya, Tokat and Çorum is limited to about three months. In Samsun province, no drought was observed during the research period. In the provinces with in the TR 83 region, it is observed that the summer and winter temperatures are generally in the direction of increase and the average rainfall is decreasing. This situation shows increasingly aridandir regula rclimate conditions. This can be said to be affected b ytemperature and irregular rainfall.

Keywords
WalterDiagrams, drought, TR-83 Region

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