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Süt Sığırcılığı İşletmelerinde İnek Sütü Üretimi için Arz ve Talep Fonksiyonlarının Belirlenmesi
(Determining of Supply and Demand Functions for Milk Production in Dairy Farms )

Author : Damla ÖZSAYIN    
Type :
Printing Year : 2018
Number : 2018-2
Page : 94-102


Summary
Bu çalışmada, süt sığırcılığı işletmelerinde inek sütü üretimi için arz ve talep fonksiyonlarının belirlenmesi ve süt üretiminin arz ve talebi ile ilgili sorunlarına önerilerde bulunulması amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmanın ana materyalini, 2016 yılı Eylül ve 2017 yılı Mart ayları arasında Çanakkale il merkezindeki 243 süt işletmesinden toplanan veriler oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın verilerini değerlendirmek için çoklu regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada, işletmecilerin süt sığırcılığı deneyimi 20 yıl ve üzeri (%46), en yüksek gelir grubu da 11000 TL ve üzeri olarak bulunmuştur (%19.1). Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, talep fonksiyonu için işletmeci yaşının, hanehalkı gelirinin ve süt fiyatının, arz fonksiyonu için de sağılan hayvan sayısının, hayvan hastalıklarının ve süt fiyatının inek sütü üretimi için önemli etkilere sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu sonuçlara göre; süt fiyatı, süt üretimi için arz ve talep fonksiyonlarının belirlenmesinde önemli bir faktördür. Sonuç olarak, işletmelerindeki hayvan sayısı ve süt üretimini artırmak için devlet tarafından uygulanan tarımsal destek ve teşviklerin hayvancılık faaliyetinin sürekliliğinin sağlamasında önemli etkisinin olduğu söylenebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Süt; Üretim; Süt işletmesi; Fiyat; Regresyon

Abstract
In this study, it was aimed to determine supply and demand functions for cow milk production and to assert suggestions to overcome issues regarding supply and demand of milk production in dairy cattle farms. The main material of this study was constituted data obtained from 243 dairy cattle farms in central district of Çanakkale province between June 2016 and March 2017. Multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate data of study. In study, it is found that farmers' dairy farming experience is 20 and above years (46%) and 19.1% of farmers have the highest income group (?11000TL). According to research results, it was determined that age of farmers, household income and price of milk in demand function and number of animals milked, livestock diseases and price of milk in supply function had significant effects on cow milk production. According to these results, milk price is an important factor in determination of supply and demand functions for milk production. As a result, it can be said to be important effect in ensuring continuity of livestock activity of incentives and agricultural supports applied by government for increase to milk production and number of animal in dairy farms.

Keywords
Milk; Production; Dairy farm; Price; Regression

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