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Türkiye Tarım Sektörü Bölgesel Toplam Faktör Verimliliğinin Malmquist Endeks ile Belirlenmesi
(Regional Agriculture Sector in Turkey: Total Factor Productivity Determination by Malmquist Index )

Author : Süleyman KARAMAN  Asaf ÖZALP  
Type :
Printing Year : 2017
Number : 2017-1
Page : 209-217


Summary
Bu çalışmada, Türkiye’de son 12 yılda uygulanan tarımsal politikaların bitkisel üretim üzerine etkileri ulusal ve bölgesel Düzey I için hesaplanan Malmquist Toplam Faktör Verimlilik Endeks ile değerlendirilmektedir. Bu on yıllık süreçte Türkiye’de tarımsal üretim değeri, en fazla TR3 bölgesinde gerçekleşmiştir. Çünkü TR3 bölgesi, bitkisel ve hayvancılık faaliyetinde kullanılan girdiler açısından birinci sıradadır. Bu durumun gerçekleşmesinde bölgeye verilen desteklerin önemli katkısı olduğu söylenebilir. Bu dönemde ulusal düzeyde Toplam Faktör Verimliliğinde yıllık ortalama %1 oranında büyüme olmuştur. Bu dönem sürecinde Toplam Faktör Verimliliği (TFV), 2011 yılında maksimum düzeye ulaşmış fakat bu yıldan sonra Toplam Faktör Verimliliğinde azalma olmuştur. Bölgesel düzeyde performanslar değerlendirildiğinde, en şaşırtıcı performansı TFV’nde yıllık ortalama %10,7 büyüme ile TR1 bölgesi göstermiştir. Geriye kalan bölgeler arasında, güçlü performans gösteren bölgeler TRA ve TR9’dur. Bu bölgelerinin TFV büyüme oranları sırasıyla %5,1 ve %2,7’dir. 12 yıllık süreçte TFV’nde en fazla azalma %5,4 ile TRC bölgesinde olmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Destekleme, Düzey I Bölgeleri, Malmquist Toplam Faktör Verimlilik Endeks

Abstract
This study evaluated the effects of agricultural policies applied in Turkey over the 12 years on crops production. The evaluation has been done by Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Index on regional and NUTS I level. Thus, during this decade, the value of agricultural production in Turkey has been highest in the TR3 region. It is due to the fact that TR3 region occupies the first place in terms of inputs’ use in vegetable and animal husbandry activities. Thus, it can be viewed by the significant contribution of the support given to the region. Thereby, over this period, annual Total Factor Productivity (TFP) has grown by 1% at national level and also the Total Factor Efficiency reached its maximum level in 2011. Nevertheless, after this year the Total Factor Efficiency has decreased. The regional performance assessment pointed out the most surprising performance is in the TR1 region with an average annual growth rate of 10.7% in the TFP. Among all the remaining regions, the strong performing regions are TRA and TR9. Therefore, the TFP growth rates of these regions are respectively 5.1% and 2.7%. On other hand, the TRC region has registered the highest decrease in 12 years with 5.4%.

Keywords
Support, NUTS I Level Regions, Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Index

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