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“Yıldız” kuşburnu (Rosa canina) çeşidinin bazı fenolojik, pomolojik ve morfolojik özellikleri
(Phenological, pomological and morphological characteristics of “Yıldız” rosehip (Rosa canina) cultivar )

Author : Mehmet GÜNEŞ  Serkan GÜNEŞ Ümit DÖLEK  
Type :
Printing Year : 2017
Number : 2017-1
Page : 170-178


Summary
Bu çalışma, 2012 yılında tescil edilmiş olan “Yıldız” kuşburnu çeşidinin henüz çeşit adayı iken yetiştiriciliğe esas teşkil eden bazı fenolojik, pomolojik ve morfolojik özelliklerini ortaya koymayı amaçlamıştır. “Yıldız” kuşburnu çeşidi daha önce Tokat yöresinde doğal olarak yetişen kuşburnu popülasyonundan seleksiyon yoluyla seçilmiştir. Çalışmanın lokasyon denemeleri Tokat Merkez (rakım:640 m) ve Başçiftlik (rakım:1400 m) ilçelerinde kurulmuş ve iki yıl süreyle yürütülmüştür. Merkez ilçe lokasyonunda kuşburnu çalıları, her iki yılda da Mayıs ayının üçüncü haftasında çiçeklenmeye başlamış ve Ağustos ayının üçüncü ve dördüncü haftalarında optimal hasat olgunluğuna ulaşmışlardır. Başçiftlik lokasyonunda ise, çiçeklenme Temmuz ayının ilk haftasında meydana gelmiş ve meyveler Ağustos ayının son haftası ile Eylül ayının ikinci haftası arasında optimal hasat olgunluğuna ulaşmışlardır. “Yıldız” kuşburnu çeşidinin bazı pomolojik özellikleri (iki yılın ortalaması olarak) Merkez ve Başçiftlik ilçe lokasyonlarında sırasıyla aşağıdaki gibi olmuştur: Meyve ağırlığı 2.90-2.15 g; meyve eti oranı %69.93-58.15; vitamin C 616.24-694.57 mg/100 g; toplam kuru madde %27.66-30.68 ve suda çözünebilir kuru madde %21.65-19.52. Çeşidin bitkisel gelişimi ve morfolojik özellikleri çevresel koşullardan etkilenmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
C vitamini, çeşit, meyve ağırlığı, meyve eti oranı, rakım, tescil

Abstract
This study aims to reveal some phenological, pomological and morphological characteristics of “Yıldız” rosehip cultivar which has been recently registered. “Yıldız” rosehip cultivar was selected previous as a hopeful cultivar candidate within the rosehip population which naturally grows in the Tokat region. The study's location experiments were conducted in Tokat Central (altitude: 640 m) and Başçiftlik (altitude: 1400 m) districts. The rosehip shrubs initiated to flooming in Central location on the third week of May in two years, and they reached optimal harvesting time during the third and fourth weeks of August. The flooming took place in the first week of July and the fruit reached the optimal harvesting ripening between the last week of August and the second week of September in the Başçiftlik location. Some pomological characteristics (as averages of two years) determined as following values: Fruit weight 2.90-2.15 g; fruit flesh rate 69.93- 58.15%; vitamin C 616.24-694.57 mg/100 g; total dry matter 27.66-30.68% and soluble solid matter 21.65-19.52% in Central and Başçiftlik locations, respectively. The growth and morphological characteristics of the cultivar were affected by environmental conditions.

Keywords
Altitude, cultivar, flesh rate, fruit weight, registration, soluble solid, vitamin C.

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