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Kentte Yaşayan Ailelerin Kırsal Kesimde Sahip Olduğu Varlıklar ve Bunları Değerlendirme Üzerine Bir Araştırma, Tokat ili Örneği
(Urban immigrants’ Productive Resources Left Behind And The Utilisation Of Such Resources-Tokai Case )

Author : Şule GELDİ ODACIOĞLU  Adnan ÇİÇEK  
Type :
Printing Year : 2000
Number : 2000-1
Page : 27-36


Summary
Bu araştırma Tokat ili şehir merkezinde yaşayan ve kırsal kesimden göç eden aileleri kapsamaktadır. Ailelerin seçiminde basit tesadüfi örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmış ve 200 aile reisi ile anket yapılmıştır. Aileler yıllık gelir düzeylerine göre 3 gruba ayrılarak incelenmiştir. Ailelerin ortalama 20.17 yıl önce göç ettikleri, yıllık ortalama gelir düzeylerinin 2 784 320 000 TL olduğu ve bunun % 10.33’ünün tarım geliri olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca % 73.22’si köyde olmak üzere ortalama 27.56 da araziye sahip oldukları ve bu arazilerin % 76.68’inin kardeşleri ile ortak olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. İncelenen ailelerin sahip oldukları arazilerin % 69.88’ini baba ve kardeşleriyle birlikte işlettikleri, % 12.64'ünü ortağa verdikleri, % 9.28’ini kendilerinin işlettikleri ve % 8.20’sini kiraya verdikleri belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca ailelerin % 68.00’i mülkiyetinde bulunan arazileri gelecekte satmayacaklarını belirtmişlerdir. Bunun yanında ailelerin % 78.50’sinin gelecekte köye dönme isteklerinin olmadığı, % 21,50’sinin ise farklı nedenlerle köye dönme isteği taşıdıkları belirlenmiştir.

Turkish Keywords


Abstract
This study covers families immigrated from the rural area to urban of Tokat province. Data were obtained from 200 immigrated families by ordinary random sampling procedure. The families were separated into three different groups in terms of their incomes The annual income of an average family was 2,8 billion Turkish Liras. Income obtained from agricultural constituted 10 percent of the annual income of an average household. The families reiewed were migrated from the rural area some 20 years ago. An average of 2,76 hectares of farm land was at their possession and 73 percent of it was in rural area. Almost two third of the and was run by the owner and the relatives altogether. Around 13 percent run by share cropping, 8 percent rented to other farmers and the rest run by the owner himself. It has been revealed that 80 percent of the families has no tendency of going back to their village but the rest stated that they can think of it for a variety of reasons.

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