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Küçük Elmalı Havzası Temel Toprak Özellikleri ve Erozyona Duyarlılık Durumları
(Basic Soil Properties and Soil Erodibility of Küçük Elmalı Basin )

Author : Mahmut YÜKSEL    
Type :
Printing Year : 2003
Number : 2003-2
Page : 153-160


Summary
Bu çalışmanın amacı Küçük Elmalı Havzası topraklarının temel özelliklerini ortaya koymak, havza yönetimine yardımcı olacak bilgileri sunmak ve erozyona karşı hassaslıklarını araştırmaktır. Araştırma yeri Bilecik iline 37 km uzaklıkta ve 8229.1 da olup deniz seviyesinden ortalama yüksekliği 830 m dir. Yıllık ortalama sıcaklık 10.8 °C ve yıllık ortalama yağış ise 611.8 mm dir. Bölgeye ait topoğrafik, jeolojik ve jeomorfolojik haritaların incelenmesi ve arazi gözlemleri sonucunda araştırma alanında 5 profil açılmışta. Detaylı arazi gözlemleri, grit yöntemi ve burgu yoklamaları ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Açılan profillerin her birinden horizon esasına göre örnekler alınmış ve labaratuvarda analizleri yapılmıştır. Analizlerden elde edilen sonuçların ve arazi gözlemlerinin değerlendirilmesi ile 4 farklı toprak serisi tanımlanmıştır. Belirlenen toprakların hepsi genç olmaları nedeniyle Entisol ordosuna dahil edilmişlerdir. Araştırma bölgesinde en fazla alana düzkayalık serisi (% 50.9) sahip iken, en az alan % 5.8 ile Güde serisidir. Yetenek sınıflamasına göre toplam alanın % 4.3'ü IV. % 43.11 VII ve % 52.6'sı VI sınıf olarak belirlenmiştir. Universal toprak kayıp denklemine göre bölge topraklarının aşınabilirlilik durumları kuvvetli ve çok kuvvetli olarak tespit edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Etiid îıaritalama erodobilite taksonomi arazi yetenek sınıflaması

Abstract
The objective of this research was to investigate basic soil properties, to submit some information to help for basin management and to determine soil erodibility of Küçük Elmalı Basin. The study area selected for this research is far 37 km from Bilecik province. 8229.1 da and its altitude is 830 m from mean sea level. Average annual temparature and precipitation are 10.8 °C and and 611.8 mm. After examination of topographic, geologic and geomoiphologic maps and land observation 5 profile places were excavated in study' area. Detailed land observations whic was done with grid metod and auger examinations. The soil samples were taken from eachprofile and their analyses were done in the laboratory . By assessing the results of analyses and studies, 4 different soil series were determined and described. All of them were classified as Entisolls due to their young age. While Düzkayalık seri has the largest area (50.9 %), Güde seri lias the smallest area in the study area <%5.8). According to land cababiliyt classification it was found that IV. VI and VII classes are 4.3 %. 52.6 % and43.1 %,respectively. In addition, according to Universal soil equation, conditions of soil erodibility' af working area were determined as high and very liigh level.

Keywords
Survey mapping erodibility taxonomy land capability classification

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