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Kırdan Kente Göç Eğilimi: Tokat İli Erbaa İlçesi Örneği
(The Migration Tendency from Rural to Urban Areas: An Example of Tokat Province, Erbaa District )

Author : Nuray KIZILASLAN    
Type :
Printing Year : 2003
Number : 2003-2
Page : 81-87


Summary
Bu araştırmanın amacı, bölgede kırdan kente göç eğilimlerini ve neden olan faktörleri belirlemektir. Tokat İli Erbaa İlçesi köylerindeki çiftçilerin eğilimlerini belirlemek için anket yöntemine başvurulmuştur. 100 çiftçi tesadüfi olarak seçilmiştir. Halen köylerinde kalan çiftçilerin % 28'ıııin göç etme isteğinde olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu istekte en önemli nedenler gelir yetersizliği, çocukların eğitimi, köydeki imkanların sınırlılığı, çiftçiliğin zahmetli oluşu ve kan davasıdır. Göç etmek istemeyenler ise, köyden kopanıama. ış bulma kaygısı, kentin çekici gelmemesi nedenlerini öne sürmüşlerdir. Bu sonuçlardan hareketle, kırdan kente göç olgusunun önlenmesinde alınabilecek önlemlerin başında çiftçinin köyünde kendisine “iş imkanlari’nın yaratılması, sosyal sorunlarının asgariye indirilmesi gelmektedir. Kısaca, bölgelerarası ve kırla kent arası gelişmişlik farklılıklarının ortadan kaldırılması ve nüfus hareketinin önlenmesi için etkili yöntemlerden birisi kırsal sanayi anlayışıdır.

Turkish Keywords
Köy kent göç eğilim

Abstract
In this research, the main reasons that make migration from rural to urban areas were elicited. The migration preferences of the farmers live in Tokat Province. Erbaa District were obtained via survey. A hundred farmers were randomly selected and personal interview was conducted with each of them. 28 % of the farmers indicated that they were willing to migrate to the urban areas. The main reasons of that were insufficient income, education, and employment opportunities. In addition to that, hard working and fights in rural areas were counted as some other reason for migration as well. There were some farmers who indicated that they did not want to migrate. The main reasons of that option were being connected to the village, high probability' of being unemployed in urban, crowded population, weak relationship between people, pollution, shelter, and etc. The author of this study believes that the main things that could prevent the migration are increasing employment opportunities in village and eliminating or declining the social problems. In short, the development of rural industry can eliminate the differences between regions, city-village. and thus, migration will decline.

Keywords
Rural urban migration tendency'

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