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Av-Avcı Etkileşimine Akvatik Vejetasyonun Etkileri Üzerine Bir Derleme
(A Review Paper on the Effects of Aquatic Vegetation on Predator-Prey Interactions )

Author : Şenol AKIN  Emine TURGUT  
Type :
Printing Year : 2003
Number : 2003-2
Page : 49-53


Summary
Bu makalede su bitkilerinin balıklar arasındaki interaksiyonlara olan etkileri irdelenmiştir. Micropterus salmoides ve Lepomis macrochirus arasındaki av-avcı ilişkisi, su bitkilerinin av-avcı ilişkilerine etkilerini anlamada mükemmel bir örnek teşkil etmektedir. Bu yüzden su bitkilerinin bütün balık türleri arasındaki av- avcı ilişkisine etkilerini değerlendirmek için bu iki tür arasındaki av-avci ilişkisi üzerinde durulmuştur. Bu derlemenin sonucunda, Micropterus salmoides'in Lepomis macrochirus'ın üzerindeki av başarısı kompleks habitat, av ve avcı balığın büyüklüğü ile değişim gösterdiği sonucuna varılmıştır. Kompleks habitat Lepomis macrochırus m dağılımına ve Micropterus salmoides'in av başarısına etki etmektedir. Birçok bilim adamı, habitat karmaşıklığının artmasıyla Micropterus salmoides'in av başarısının azaldığı üzerinde hemfikirdirler. Su bitkilerinin, lıcm ava hemde av balıkların faydalanabileceği şekilde orta yoğunlukta tutulması gerektiği bİT sonuç olarak tavsiye edilebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Av-avcı ilişkisi akvatik vejetasyon akvatik vejetasyon yoğunluğu Micropterus salmoides Lepomis macrochirus

Abstract
In this paper, the effects of aquatic vegetation on fish species interactions has been reviewed. Predator-prey interaction between largemouth bass (LMB) (Micropterus salmoides) and bluegill (BLG) (Lepomis macrochirus) has been as an excellent example of understanding the effects of aquatic vegetation on the predator-prey interactions. So the focus has been given on the interactions between those species in order to evaluate a general pattern of aquatic vegetation effects on predator-prey interactions of most fish species. Predatory success of largemouth bass on bluegill can vary with complex habitat, predator and prey body size. Complex habitat affects bluegill distribution and largemouth bass predatory' success. Bluegill can avoid predation risk by hiding itself in complex habitat. Most of the authors agreed that largemouth bass predatory success declined as habitat complexity increased. Thus it can be concluded that aquatic vegetation should be kept an intermediate density so that both interacting species can benefit.

Keywords
Predator-prey interactions aquatic vegetation aquatic vegetation density Micropterus salmoides Lepom

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