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Asetolaktat sentetaz (ALS) İnhibitörü Herbisitlere Galium aparine L. (Yapışkan otu) Dayanıklılığı
(Resistance to acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors herbicides of Galium aparine L. (Catchweed bedstraw) )

Author : Emine Kaya Altop  Hüsrev MENNAN Doğan ISIK Kianoosh HAGHNAMA  
Type :
Printing Year : 2017
Number : 2017-3
Page : 92-100


Summary
Ülkemiz buğday ekim alanlarında sorun olan yabancı otlarla mücadelede yoğun olarak herbisit kullanımı söz konusu olup, buğday ekim alanlarında gözlenen geniş yapraklı tek yılık rekabetçi önemli yabancı otlardan biri de Galium aparine’dir. Türün mücadelesinde yoğun olarak kullanılan ALS (Acetolactate synthase) inhibitörü herbisitlere karşı etkisizlik durumunun söz konusu olduğuna dair son zamanlarda bazı gözlemler ve çiftçi şikayetleri söz konusudur. Bu amaçla ülkemizde buğdayda G. aparine’ye ruhsatlı amidosulfuron+iodo sulfuron-methyl sodium+mefenpyr-diethyl (Safener), aminopyralid+florasulam, cyclosulfamu ron, dicamba+triasulfuron, flumetsulam+florasulam, mesosulfuron methyl+iodosulfuron methylsodium, pyroxsulam+cloquintocet mexyl (Safener), thifensulfuron methyl+tribenuron methyl, tribenuron-methyl aktif maddeleri ile çalışılmıştır. Bu amaçla Türkiye’de bu yabancı otun sorun olduğu İç Anadolu ve Orta Karadeniz Bölgesi buğday ekim alanlarından toplam 1359 populasyonun dayanıklı biyotipleri ve dayanıklılık dereceleri bioassay ve moleküler yöntemlerle belirlenmiştir. Yirmi üç G. aparine populasyonunun ALS inhibitorü herbisitlerle kontrol edilemediği saptanmıştır. Ancak herhangi bir mutasyon varlığı belirlenmemiştir.

Turkish Keywords
ALS inhibitörü herbisitler, bioassay, dayanıklılık, Galium aparine, mutasyon

Abstract
Due to intensive herbicide use in wheat growing areas in Turkey is resistance problems in some important weed species such as Galium aparine is annual and very competitive troublesome broadleaved weeds. There are some observations concerning the efficacy failures of some ALS inhibitor herbicides and we received complained from wheat growers that this species control was reduced when most of sulfonylurea herbicides were applied. Studied active ingredients including amidosulfuron+iodo sulfuron-methyl sodium+mefenpyr-diethyl (Safener), aminopyralid+florasulam, cyclosulfamuron, dicamba+triasulfuron, flumetsulam+ florasulam, mesosulfuron methyl+iodosulfuron methylsodium, pyroxsulam+cloquintocet mexyl (Safener), thifensulfuron methyl+tribenuron methyl, tribenuron-methyl are currently registered against to these species. With this aim weed seeds will be collected from different wheat growing provinces in Central Anatolia and Black Sea Region of Turkey, in total from 1359 different wheat fields. After initial screening for resistance in pot experiments, biotypes that are supposed to be resistant will be submitted to bioassays to determine the resistance grades. Twentythree of Galium aparine accessions tested did not controlled by ALS inhibitor. In addition, a gene mutation wasn't found.

Keywords
ALS inhibitor herbicides, bioassay, Galium aparine, mutation, resistance

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