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Tydeid’lerin (Acari: Tydeoidea) Beslenme Alışkanlıkları
(Feeding Behaviors of The Tydeid Mites )

Author : Dürdane YANAR  Hüseyin ERDOĞAN Yusuf YANAR  
Type :
Printing Year : 2013
Number : 2013-2
Page : 1-5


Summary
Tydeidae familyası türlerinin bazıları bitki zararlısı, bazılarının ise böcek ve akarlar üzerinde predatör olduğu bilinmesine rağmen büyük bir çoğunluğu funguslar ve çürümekte olan artıklar üzerinde beslenirler. Bazı türleri fakültatif predatör iken bazıları bitki paraziti akarların kontrolünde kullanılabilecek önemli bir biyolojik kontrol etmeni olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Tydeid’lerin beslenme davranışları yüksek oranda varyasyon göstermekte olup, Homeopronematus anconai (Baker), gibi bazı türler predatördür. Lorryia formosa Cooreman gibi bazı türler afit ve benzeri böceklerin salgılarında beslenirken funguslarla beslenen türlerde bulunmakta olup, Orthotydeus lambi (Baker) bağ küllemesi etmeni Erysiphe necator Schwein’un konidiospor ve miselyumlarında beslenmektedir. Tydeid’lerin çok çeşitli beslenme alışkanlıklarına sahip olmaları bu grubun beslenme davranışlarını tür düzeyinde inceleme gereğini ortaya koymuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Tydeidae, akar, beslenme, Homeopronematus

Abstract
Tydeidae feed largely on fungi and decaying materyals, although some are known to be predacious on insects and mites and a few have been reported to damage plants. Some species are facultative predators and others can be important bio-control agents of plant parasitic mites. The feeding behavior of tydeid mites is highly diverse and species have been identified as being predacious e.g. Homeopronematus anconai (Baker). Some species feeds on honeydew such as Lorryia formosa Cooreman and other species can be fungivorous and feed on conidia and mycelia of fungi such as Orthotydeus lambi (Baker) on Erysiphe necator Schwein (causal agent of grape powdery mildew). Because of the many possible food habits of the Tydeidae, it is necessary to evaluate feeding behaviors of Tydeid at species level.

Keywords
Tydeidae, mite, feeding, Homeopronematus

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