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Tokat-Kazova Şartlarına Uygun Maltlık Arpa Çeşitlerinin Belirlenmesi
(Determination of Malting Barley Cultivars Suitable for Tokat-Kazova Conditions )

Author : Nejdet KANDEMİR    
Type :
Printing Year : 2004
Number : 2004-2
Page : 94-100


Summary
Bu çalışma, Tokat ili Kazova bölgesine uygun maltlık arpa çeşitlerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla 2001-02 ve 2002-03 yetiştirme döneminde yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada yerli Tokak 157/37 ve Bülbül-89 çeşitleri yanında Efes Pilsen A.Ş.’nin Türkiye genelinde değerlendirmeye aldığı 15 yabancı orijinli çeşit ve Kanada’nın en önemli maltlık arpa çeşidi Harrington kullanılmıştır. Yağışın uzun yıllar bölge ortalamasına yakın olduğu 2001-02 döneminde çoğu çeşit hektara beş tonun üzerinde verime, 50 g üzerinde 1000-tane ağırlığına ve 68-70 kg civarında hektolitre ağırlığına sahip olmuş, aralarında yerli çeşitlerin de bulunduğu bazı çeşitlerde ise ciddi oranlarda yatma görülmüştür. Yağışın oldukça az olduğu 2002-03 döneminde ise, tane verimleri 3,0-3,5 ton civarında gerçekleşmiş, 1000-tane ağırlıkları 40-50 g, hektolitre ağırlıkları 67-69 kg civarında olmuştur. Yerli çeşitlerden Tokak 157/37 yatmanın olmadığı durumda yüksek verimli çeşitlere yaklaşmış ve oldukça iyi kalitede tane ürünü vermiştir. Yabancı çeşitler içinde Anita, Lagoda, Prosa, Madras, Asso ve Pacific bölgeye uygun çeşitler olarak görülmüştür. Ancak bölgenin maltlık arpa üretim potansiyelinin tam olarak belirlenmesi için bu çeşitlerle bölgedeki başka ekolojilerde, daha detaylı malt analizlerinin de yapıldığı, ilave çalışmalara gerek vardır.

Turkish Keywords
Maltlık arpa, hektolitre ağırlığı, 1000-tane ağırlığı, yatma

Abstract
This study was conducted to determine suitable malting barley cultivars for Kazova plain in Tokat province in 2001-02 and 2003-03 growing periods. Two Turkish cultivars, Tokak 157/37 and Bülbül-89, a high quality Canadian malting barley cultivar, Harrington, and 15 other foreign cultivars evaluated by Efes Pilsen malting company throughout Turkey were used. Most cultivars had grain yields over five tons per hectare, 1000-seed weights of 40-50 g and test weights of 68-70 kg in 2001-02 period in which precipitation during the growing period was similar to long term average. However, some cultivars including the two Turkish cultivars seriously lodged in this year. In 2002-03 period, in which precipitation was seriously lower than long term average, grain yields of most cultivars were around 3,0-3,5 tons per hectare, 1000-seed weights 40-50 g, and test weights 67-69 kg. Turkish cultivar Tokak 157/37 had yields similar to high yielding cultivars and quite good malting quality indications. Among cultivars of foreign origin, Anita, Lagoda, Prosa, Madras, Asso and Pacific seemed to be suitable for the region. However, in order to fully establish the malting barley production potential of the region, additional studies covering other ecologies of the region and including detailed malt analyses are necessary.

Keywords
Malting barley, test weight, 1000-seed weight, lodging.

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