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Samsun İlinde Kaba Yem Üretimini Sınırlayan Problemlerin Belirlenmesi
(Determining of the Problems Limiting Roughage Production in Samsun )

Author : Ahmet YULAFÇI  Mustafa PUL  
Type :
Printing Year : 2005
Number : 2005-1
Page : 73-81


Summary
Bu çalışma Samsun İlinde kaba yem üretimini sınırlayan problemleri belirlemek amacıyla 1996 yılında yürütülmüştür. Bu çalışmada Samsun İli iklim özellikleri dikkate alınarak iki farklı bölüme ayrılmış ve bilgiler bu iki bölümdeki 88 işletmeden anket yoluyla elde edilmiştir. Araştırma alanında yem bitkilerine ayrılan alan % 3 civarındadır. Hayvansal ürün fiyatlarının düşük olması, arazi ve alet-makine yetersizliği, sulanan alanların yetersizliği, finansman sorunları, tohumluk teminindeki güçlükler, eğitim ve bilgi noksanlıkları yem bitkisi üretimini olumsuz yönde etkilemektedir. Meralarla ilgili olarak; mera alanı ve bitki örtüsünün yetersizliği, su kaynağı olmaması, bakımsızlık ve drenaj gibi bazı problemler mevcuttur.

Turkish Keywords
Samsun, kaba yem, çayır, mera, hayvancılık

Abstract
This survey was conducted to determine problems limiting roughage production in Samsun, in 1996. In this study, Samsun province was divided two different zones according to climate conditions and data was collected from 88 farms by way of questionnaire. The area assigned for fodder crops is 3 % in research area. Low animal product prices, insufficient field and mechanization, not enough irrigated area, financial problems, difficulties connected with seed getting, education and information deficiency effects negatively fodder crops production. There are several problems, such as inadequate field and flora, not enough water sources, neglect, drainage about pasture.

Keywords
Samsun, forage, meadow, pasture, stockbreeding

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