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Tokat İli Merkez İlçede Arıcılık Faaliyetinin Ekonomik Analizi ve İşletmecilik Sorunları
(Economic Analysis and Managerial Problems of Beekeeping in Central District of Tokat Province )

Author : Oğuz PARLAKAY  Kemal ESENGÜN  
Type :
Printing Year : 2005
Number : 2005-1
Page : 21-30


Summary
Bu araştırmada Tokat İli Merkez İlçesinde Arıcılık faaliyeti yapan işletmelerin ekonomik analizi yapılarak bunların mevcut durumları ve karşılaştıkları sorunlar belirlenmiştir. Araştırmada kullanılan veriler yörede arıcılık faaliyeti yapan 72 adet işletmeden anket yöntemi ile elde edilmiş ve örnek hacminin belirlenmesinde tabakalı tesadüfi örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır. İncelenen işletmeler 1-19, 20-49 ve 50 ve üzeri koloniye sahip işletmeler olmak üzere üç büyüklük grubuna ayrılmıştır. İşletmeler ortalaması dikkate alındığında işletme başına 17 623,85 milyon TL (10 686,52 $) brüt hasıla, 6 741,03 milyon TL (4 087,54 $) net hasıla, 9 330,13 milyon TL (5 657,48 $) tarımsal gelir, 12 824,92 milyon TL (7 776,60 $) toplam aile geliri hesaplanmıştır. Ayrıca 1 kg balın üretim maliyeti 3,09 milyon TL (1,87 $) olarak hesaplanmıştır. Üreticilerin üretim, pazarlama, hastalık ve zararlılarla mücadele ve diğer bazı sorunlarla karşılaştıkları belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlardan Tokat Merkez İlçesinde yapılan arıcılık faaliyetinin işletmeler açısından gelir artırıcı bir faaliyet kolu olduğu söylenilebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Arıcılık, Ekonomik Analiz, İşletmecilik Sorunları

Abstract
This study covers economic analysis of beekeeping (apiculture) farms in the Central District of Tokat Province. In addition, current situation of farms and problems they have faced were determined. Data were collected from 72 apiculture farms by direct personal interview. The Method of Stratified Random Sampling was used in the determination of sample size. Farms were divided into three size groups as having less than 20 beehives (first group), between 20 and 49 beehives (second group), and 50 and more beehives (third group). Gross margin, net profit, farm income and total family income were determined as TL 17 623,85 million ($ 10 686,52), TL 6 741,03 million ($ 4 087,54), TL 9 330,13 million ($ 5 657,48) and TL 12 824, 92 million ($ 7 776,60), respectively. In addition, cost of production of 1 kg honey were determined as TL 3,09 million ($ 1,87). It was determined that beekeepers have faced some problems in production, marketing, disease and pest management, etc. It can be said that beekeeping is an activity increasing the income of farms in the Central District of Tokat Province.

Keywords
Beekeeping, Economic Analysis, Managerial Problems

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