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Tokat Şartlarında Yaz Periyodunda Aşılı Ceviz Fidanı Yetiştiriciliği İçin En Uygun Aşı Yöntemi ve Aşılama Zamanın Belirlenmesi
(Research on Determination of Best Grafting Method and Best Graftage Time for Raising Grafted Young Walnut Trees During Summer Period in Tokat City Center )

Author : Can CELEP    
Type :
Printing Year : 2005
Number : 2005-2
Page : 1-5


Summary
Bu çalışmada Tokat il merkezinde yaz aylarında aşılı ceviz fidanı yetiştiriciliği için en uygun aşı yöntemi ve aşılama zamanını tespit etmek amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma Tokat Meyvecilik Üretme istasyonu Müdürlüğü bahçesinde yapılmıştır. Ceviz tohumları 2002 Kasım ayında araziye ekilmiştir. 2003 yılı vegetasyon periyodunda aşılanacak duruma gelen çöğürlere Temmuz- Eylül Ayları arasında Yama göz, Yarma, T göz ve İngiliz dilcikli aşı yöntemleriyle aşılama yapılmıştır. Aşı yöntemi olarak en iyi sonucu % 72,08 ile yama göz aşısı vermiştir. Yama göz aşısının yanında T Göz aşı % 64,87 başarı göstermiştir. Kalemlerin tam olgunlaşmamış olması ve sürme göstermesi nedeniyle yarma aşı % 48,50 ve İngiliz dilcikli % 39,87 oranında tutma göstermiştir. Tokat merkez için durgun aşı zamanı olarak 20-30 Temmuz ve 1-10 Ağustos dönemi tespit edilmiştir. Aşılamadan bir hafta önce yapılan sulamanın çöğürlerin aşılanmasını kolaylaştırdığı görülmüştür. Ortalama hava sıcaklığının Temmuz’da 20,6 ºC, Ağustos ayında 21,9 ºC olması aşıların tutma oranıyla direkt ilgili bulunmuştur. Aşılı fidanları soğuktan korumada uygulanan yöntemlerden en iyi sonucu izocam’la koruma yöntemi (% 63,75) vermiştir. En yüksek yaşama oranını Yama göz aşı yöntemi (% 84,75) vermiştir. En düşük aşı yaşama oranı Yarma aşı da (% 33.5) tespit edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Ceviz, aşılama yöntemi, soğuk zararı, koruma yöntemleri

Abstract
In this study, the purpose was the to determine best graft method and best graft time for grafted young walnut trees during summer period in Tokat city center. Walnut seeds were planted to field in november, 2002. At the vegetation period of year 2003, young walnuts trees, ready to graftage between july and september were grafted. Using Patch budding, Cleft grafting, T budding and Whip grafting methods. The best grafttage method was obtained by using Patch budding (%72,08). Beside Patch budding, T budding was also found succesful (%64,87). Because of unmature of shoots and budding, the success of Cleft graftting was (%48,50) and Whip grafting was %39,87. It s found that, the best time for late summer grafts was between June 20 and 30, and between August 1 and 10. It is concluded that, irrigation, one week before the graftage, made graftage easear. Avarege temperature 20,6 ºC in July and 21,9 ºC in August affected the ratio of bud-take direckly. The best result of proteching grafted young walnut trees from cold was obtained using izocam procetion method (%63,78). Highest survival ratio was found using Patch budding method (%84,78). Lowest survival ratio was cacluded for , Cleft graftting (% 33,5).

Keywords
Walnut, graftage method, frost damage, protection methods

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