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Giresun, Ordu ve Samsun İllerinde Fındık Bahçelerinde Zarar Yapan Yazıcıböceklerin (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) Zarar Seviyeleri
(The Injury Level of Bark Beetles (Coleoptera:Scolytidae) in Hazelnut Orchards in Giresun, Ordu and Samsun Provinces of Turkey )

Author : Kibar AK  Meryem UYSAL Celal TUNCER  
Type :
Printing Year : 2005
Number : 2005-1
Page : 9-14


Summary
Türkiye’de fındığın yoğun olarak yetiştirildiği Karadeniz Bölgesi’nin Giresun, Ordu ve Samsun illerinde fındık bahçelerinde giderek zararı artan yazıcıböceklerin en önemli türlerinin Lymantor coryli Perris ve Xyleborus dispar (Fabricius) (Col.: Scolytidae) olduğu bilinmektedir. 2002 ve 2003 yıllarında yürütülen bu çalışmada bu böceklerin sözkonusu illerdeki toplam zarar seviyelerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Mart-Ekim ayları arasında yapılan aylık gözlemlerde her bir bahçede rastgele alınan 10 ocakta bütün dalların gövdeleri incelenerek zarar seviyesi delikli dal/ocak olarak belirlenmiştir. Takip edilen tüm fındık alanlarında zarar seviyesinin 2003 yılında daha yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu yıldaki en yüksek zarar seviyeleri; 9.5, 6.7 ve 6 delikli dal/ocak [sırasıyla Ordu (Fatsa, Güvercinlik), Samsun (Terme, Bafraçlı) ve Giresun (Piraziz Merkez)] olarak belirlenmiştir. Arar seviyesi sahil kuşakta orta kuşağa göre belirgin şekilde daha yüksek olmuştur. Çalışmanın yapıldığı bütün bahçelerde, yazıcıböceklerin zarar seviyesinin nisandan itibaren arttığı, asıl belirgin artışın ise temmuz ve ağustosta olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Yazıcıböcekler, Scolytidae, Lymantor coryli, Xyleborus dispar, Giresun, Ordu, Samsun

Abstract
Lymantor coryli Perris and Xyleborus dispar (Fabricius) are the dominant bark beetle (Col.: Scolytidae) species of hazelnut in Giresun, Ordu and Samsun. Where is the main hazelnut production areas of Turkey. This study was carried out (during 2002-2003 groving season) to determine the total injuriy levels of scolytids in these provinces. The orchards were monthly surveyed between March-October. The injury level was determined as infested branch/ocak by means of counting of the all infested branches in 10 ocak randomly selected in per orchard. It was higher in 2003 than that of 2002 in all the localites. In 2003, the highest injury levels were 9.5, 6.7 and 6 infested branch/ocak in Ordu (Fatsa, Güvercinlik), Samsun (Terme, Bafraçalı) ve Giresun (Piraziz Centre), respectively. The injury was more serious in coastal localities of surveyed area than that of inner parts. In both 2002 and 2003 the damage began to increase at April and then the main drastic increase occured in July and August in all surveyed orchards.

Keywords
Bark Beetles, Scolytidae, Lymantor coryli, Xyleborus dispar, Giresun, Ordu, Samsun

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