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CBS İle Tokat İli Arazi Varlığının Eğim ve Bakı Özelliklerinin Tespiti ve Tarımsal Açıdan İrdelenmesi
(Determination of Slope and Aspect Specifications of Tokat City and interpretation on Agricultural Scopes )

Author : Tekin ÖZTEKİN  İrfan OĞUZ  
Type :
Printing Year : 2006
Number : 2006-1
Page : 67-74


Summary
Hızla artmakta olan nüfusla orantılı olarak uygun arazi kullanımı gerekliliği her geçen gün önemini daha da hissettirmektedir. Tarımsal amaçlı kullanılabilecek arazi olarak kısıtlı miktara sahip olan Tokat ili içinde bu olgu son derece önemlidir. Tokat ili tarım ve tarıma dayalı sanayi ile geçinmekte olan bir ilimizdir. Arazilerin eğim, bakı ve yükseklik gibi özellikleri onların en uygun şekilde kullanılabilmeleri için yapılabilecek planlama çalışmalarında önemli bir ağırlığa sahip topoğrafik özelliklerdir. Tokat ili idari sınırları kapsamında coğrafi bilgi sistemi ortamında yapılan bu çalışma ile Tokat ili eğim, bakı ve yükseklik durumu incelenmiştir. Tokat ili arazilerinin eğim, bakı ve yükseklik yüzdeleri yüzölçüm değerlerine göre hesaplanarak grafikler elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen eğim değeri miktarlarına göre Tokat ili arazilerinin büyük çoğunluğunun tarım için uygun olan (% 0-12) aralıkta olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Bakı durumu tespiti sonunda ise arazilerin ana yönlere göre yaklaşık eşit oranda (kuzey 26.5 %, güney 25.6 %, doğu 20 % ve batı 22.2 %) dağıldıkları görülmüştür. Tespit edilen bu topoğrafik niteliklere göre Tokat ili arazilerinin çok az bir kısmının topoğrafik açıdan tarımsal kullanıma uygun olduğu görülmektedir.

Turkish Keywords
CBS, Eğim, Bakı, Tokat

Abstract
The necessity for convenient use of soil, rises due to the population increase. Because, there are limited areas for agricultural purposes in Tokat province and seventh percent of people who live in Tokat supply their living from agriculture and industry based on agriculture, it is very important to use available soil in the most convenient way. Slope, aspect and heights of land surfaces are very important attributes to plan existing land for convenient use. Sufficient knowledge of land’s features helps people in various ways, such as economy, preference, at the planning stage to form a good plan. With this study, which covers Tokat province, realized by GIS, slope, aspect and heights of land surfaces determined and interpretated. According to results obtained, most of the lands of Tokat Province is not suitable for agriculture in general. Only 34% of Tokat Province’s lands is in range of slope interval (0-12 %) which is suitable for agriculture. In terms of aspect, it was seen that lands fell into approximately equal pieces (north 26.5%, south 25.6%, east 20% ve west 22.2%) according to main aspects. As a result, according to these attributes of Tokat Province’s lands, there are insufficent lands which are suitable for agriculture in terms of topographical status.

Keywords
GIS, Slope, Aspect, Tokat

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