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Tokat Yöresinde Seraların İklimlendirme Gereksinimleri
(Indoor Climate Requirements of Greenhouses in Tokat Region )

Author : Bilal CEMEK  Sedat KARAMAN Ali ÜNLÜKARA  
Type :
Printing Year : 2006
Number : 2006-1
Page : 25-36


Summary
Bu araştırmada, uzun yıllara dayalı meteorolojik veriler kullanılarak Tokat ilinde seracılık yönünden bitki yetiştirilmeye uygun dönemler belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Çalışmada özellikle seralarda yaygın olarak yetiştirilen sıcak iklim bitkilerinin istekleri göz önüne alınarak, Tokat ilinin 9 ilçesi için ısıtma, doğal havalandırma ve soğutma gibi sera içi koşulları kontrol yöntemlerinin kullanım dönemleri saptanmıştır. Ayrıca seracılığın en yoğun yapıldığı Antalya ili ile Tokat yöresi seracılığı, iklimlendirme gereksinimleri yönünden karşılaştırılmıştır. Kış yetiştiriciliği açısından Tokat ilinde seracılık yüksek ısıtma ve aydınlatma masrafları gerektirmektedir. Yaz aylarında ise Antalya’ya göre sera içi sıcaklığının kontrol edilmesinde bir çok ilçede soğutma istememesi nedeniyle daha avantajlıdır. Değerlendirmeler sonucunda Tokat yöresinde ilkbahar turfandacılığı ve yaz yetiştiriciliği ile birlikte erkenci sonbahar turfandacılığının geliştirilmesi gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır.

Turkish Keywords
Seralar, iklimlendirme istekleri, havalandırma, ısıtma, soğutma

Abstract
In this research, the most suitable growing period for greenhouse warm season species was defined based on long term meteorological data. Considering the climate requirements of warm season species, air conditioning periods such as heating, natural ventilation and cooling periods were determined for nine locations in Tokat. In addition, the climate requirements for Tokat were compared to Antalya in which greenhouse production was done very intensively. Winter growing greenhouse production in Tokat requires very high heating and lighting costs. But in summer months control of greenhouse indoor temperature in Tokat has advantages compared to Antalya. As a result of this study, it is suggested that in addition to early autumn production, late spring and summer production should also be encouraged in Tokat.

Keywords
Greenhouses, climatologic requirements, ventilation, heating, cooling

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