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Tokat Merkez İlçede Yetiştirilen Bazı Yerel Elma (Malus communis L.) Çeşitlerinin Fenolojik ve Pomolojik Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi
(Determination Phenological and Pomological Characteristics of Some Local Apple (Malus communis L.) Cultivars Grown in Tokat Province )

Author : Yemliha EDİZER  Tuba BEKAR  
Type :
Printing Year : 2007
Number : 2007-1
Page : 1-8


Summary
Bu araştırma, 2004-2005 yıllarında Tokat Merkez ilçede yetiştirilen 10 yerli elma çeşidinin (Tavar, Yağlıkızıl, Arapkızı, Elifli, Demir, Yer Elması, Ekşi Elma, Gelin Elma, Alyanak ve Pehrizoğlu), fenolojik ve pomolojik özelliklerinin belirlenmesi ve çeşitlerin genetik kaynak olarak korunması amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre; çeşitlerde tam çiçeklenme 9- 25 Nisan tarihleri arasında, meyvelerin olgunlaşması 26 Temmuz- 25 Eylül tarihleri arasında olmuştur. Çeşitlerin ortalama meyve ağırlıkları 48 g (Yer elması)-311 g (Alyanak ); suda çözünebilir kuru madde miktarı %9 (Arapkızı)- %16 (Gelin elma) ile titre edilebilir asitlik ise 4,02 g/l (Yer Elması)-10.72 g/l (Tavar) arasında saptanmıştır.

Turkish Keywords
Tokat yöresi, pomoloji, fenoloji, yerel elma çeşitleri

Abstract
This study was carried out on 10 local apple cultivars (Tavar, Yaglikizil, Arapkizi, Elifli, Demir, Yer Elmasi, Eksi Elma, Gelin Elma, Alyanak ve Pehrizoglu) in the central province of Tokat, Turkey, in 2004 and 2005. The aims of the study were to determine the phenological and pomological characteristics and to protect these cultivars as genetical sources. According to observations, the full blooming occured between April 9th and April 25th and the fruits were harvested between July 26th and September 25th in all cultivars. The average fruit weights were between 48 (for Yer Elmasi) and 311 g (for Alyanak). Average total soluble solid ranged between 9 (for Arapkizi) and 16 % (for Gelin) while the highest of titrable acidity was observed between 4,02 g/l in Yer Elmasi cultivar and 10,72 g/l in Tavar cultivar.

Keywords
Tokat region, pomology, phenology, local apple cultıvars.

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