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Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae)’in Laboratuvar Koşullarında Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval (Acari: Tetranychidae)’u Tüketim Kapasitesi ve Bazı Akarisitlerin Bu İki Tür Üzerine Etkileri
(Consumption Capacity of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval (Acari: Tetranychidae) under Laboratory Conditions and The Effects of Some Acaricides on This Species )

Author : Rana AKYAZI  Osman ECEVİT  
Type :
Printing Year : 2008
Number : 2008-2
Page : 7-18


Summary
Samsun’da hıyar ve fasulye bitkileri üzerinden toplanılarak elde edilen Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae)’in bir ergin dişi bireyinin, Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval (Acari: Tetranychidae)’u tüketim kapasitesi laboratuvar koşullarında araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla hücre kültürü yönteminden yararlanılmıştır. Ayrıca Samsun’da T. cinnabarinus mücadelesinde yaygın olarak kullanılan dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane), hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin) ve tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC)’nin P. persimilis ve T. cinnabarinus’a etkileri ile, bu iki tür için LC50 ve LC90 değerleri de belirlenmiştir. Akarisitlerin etkinlik ve LC değerleri daldırma yöntemi ile saptanmıştır. Çalışmada P. persimilis’in T. cinnabarinus’u tüketim kapasitesi 22.62±0.98 larva/gün, 16.57±0.3 deutonimf/gün, 4.50±0.13 ergin dişi/gün ve 20.47±0.12 erkek/gün olarak tespit edilmiştir. P. persimilis ve T. cinnabarinus’un tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC)’ye, dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane) ve hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin)’den daha hassas oldukları belirlenmiştir. Bu pestisitlerin T. cinnabarinus için LC50 ve LC90 değerleri ise sırası ile dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane)’de, 580.69 mg/lt ve 1028.58 mg/lt, hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin)’de, 667.48 mg/lt ve 1513.47 mg/lt, tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC)’de, 514.69 mg/lt ve 1397.60 mg/lt olarak tespit edilmiştir. P. persimilis’deki LC50 ve LC90 değerleri ise, dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane) için, 15.84 mg/lt ve 157.27 mg/lt, hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin) için, 51.82 mg/lt ve 957.84 mg/lt, tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC) için, 9.46 mg/lt ve 82.73 mg/lt kadardır.

Turkish Keywords
Phytoseiulus persimilis, Tetranychus cinnabarinus, Tüketim Kapasitesi, Akarisit

Abstract
Consumption capacity of one adult female Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae) collected on cucumber and bean plants in Samsun on Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval (Acari: Tetranychidae) was investigated by using cell culture method. Also, the effects and LC50 and LC90 values of dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane), hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin) and tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC) commonly used in cucumber greenhouses in Samsun region to control of T. cinnabarinus were studied on P. persimilis and T. cinnabarinus. The effects and LC values of this acaricides were investigated by slide dipping method. Consumption capacity of P. persimilis have been found as 22.62±098 larvae/day 16.57±0.23 deutonymph/day, 4.50±0.13 mature female/day and 20.47±0.12 male/day. It was determined that P. persimilis and T. cinnabarinus are the more sensitive to tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC) than dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane)and hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin). The LC50 and LC90 values of the acaricides for T. cinnabarinus have been determined as 580.69 mg/lt and 1028.58 mg/lt for dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane), 667.48 mg/lt and 1513.47 mg/lt for hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin), 514.69 mg/lt and 1397.60 mg/lt for tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC). Also, LC50 and LC90 values for P. persimilis have been determined as 15.84 mg/lt and 157.27 mg/lt for dicofol 195 gr/lt (Hekthane), 51.82 mg/lt and 957.84 for hexythiazox 50 gr/lt (Alfasorin), 9.46 mg/lt and 82.73 mg/lt for tetradifon 75 gr/lt (Kor-dion V-18 EC).

Keywords
Phytoseiulus persimilis, Tetranychus cinnabarinus, Consumption Capacity, Acaricide

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