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Sinop İli Merkez İlçe Tarım İşletmelerinin Sosyo-Ekonomik Yapısı, Arazi ve Gelir Dağılımı
(Study on the Structure of Socio-Economic and Field and Income Distribution of The Farms of County of Sinop Province )

Author : Cem GÜREL  Metin AKAY  
Type :
Printing Year : 2008
Number : 2008-1
Page : 7-14


Summary
Bu araştırmada, Sinop İli Merkez İlçe tarım işletmelerinin sosyo-ekonomik yapısı, arazi ve gelir dağılımı ile gelire etki eden faktörler incelenmiştir. Araştırmada kullanılan veriler, Sinop merkez ilçeyi temsil niteliğine sahip 8 köyden oransal tabakalı tesadüfî örnekleme yöntemi ile belirlenen 75 adet tarım işletmesinden sağlanmıştır. İşletmeler bir bütün olarak ele alınarak yıllık faaliyet sonuçları incelenmiştir. Gelir dağılımına ait hesaplamalarda Gini Oranı ve Lorenz eğrisinden yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma bölgesinde incelenen işletmelerde, toplam aile geliri 4 010,1 YTL (2824 $) olup, Gini Oranı 0,3159'dur. Kişi başına düşen aile geliri 756,62 YTL ( 533 $) olup, Gini Oranı ise 0,2730 olarak bulunmuştur. Araştırma bölgesindeki işletmelerin ortalama mülk arazi genişliği 43,98 da ve Gini Oranı 0,2876, işletme arazisi genişliği 51,4 da ve Gini Oranı ise 0,2952 olarak saptanmıştır. Araştırmada, işletmelerin tarımsal desteklemeler ile ilgili beklentilerinin tespiti için ankete sorular eklenmiştir. Bu sonuçlara göre işletmelerin % 69,33’ü bitkisel, % 85,33’ü de hayvancılığa verilen destekleme primlerini yetersiz düzeyde bulmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Tarımsal Desteklemeler, Gelir Dağılımı, Gini Oranı, Sinop

Abstract
Abstract In this study, the structure of socio-economic, and field and income distribution, and the factors that affect the income of the farms of county of Sinop Province were examined. Data used in this study are provided from 75 farms determined by proportional layer randomly with illustrating method having 8 villages which represent county of Sinop province. The annual activity results are examined by taking into consideration the farms entirely. In calculations of income distribution are benefited from gini ratio and Lorenz Curve. The farms at study area, the total family income is YTL 4 010,1 ($ 2 824 ) and Gini ratio is founded as 0,3159. Per capita family income is YTL 756,62 ($ 533 ) and Gini ratio is founded as 0,2730. The average property field broadness of farms in study areas are 43,98 da and gini ratio is 0,2876, farm field broadness 51,4 da and Gini ratio is founded as 0,2952. In this study for the determination of farms agricultural supporting expectations many questions are added to survey. According to these results the 69,33 % vegetal and 85,33 % stockbreeding of farms are decided that given supporting premium level is insufficient.

Keywords
Agricultural Subvention, Income Distribution, Gini Ratio, Sinop

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