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Japon Bıldırcını Rasyonlarında Soya Küspesi Yerine Pamuk Tohumu Küspesi İkamesinin Büyüme Performansı ve Karkas Özellikleri Üzerine Etkisi
(Effect of Cottonseed Meal As Substitute for Soybean Meal in Japanese Quail Diets On Performance and Carcass Characteristics )

Author : Arda YILDIRIM  Ergin ÖZTÜRK  
Type :
Printing Year : 2012
Number : 2012-2
Page : 55-62


Summary
Bu araştırma, Japon bıldırcınlarının gelişme dönemi rasyonlarında soya küspesi (SK) yerine değişik düzeylerde katılan ekstraksiyon pamuk tohumu küspesinin (PTK) verim özelliklerine etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Denemede büyüme dönemi için 450 adet karışık cinsiyette Japon bıldırcını kullanılmıştır. Hayvanlar 1 haftalık yaştan (7. gün) 6 haftalık yaşa (42. gün) kadar büyütülmüşlerdir. Bu haftalar arasında %24 HP ve 3000 kcal/kg ME içeren karmalar kullanılmıştır. Mısır-soya küspesi (SK) esasına dayalı bazal rasyona SK’nin sağladığı proteininin yerine sırasıyla %0, 30, 58, 86 ve 100 oranlarında PTK ikame edilerek oluşturulan 5 farklı rasyon kullanılmıştır. Gelişme dönemi sonunda, deneme grupları arasında canlı ağırlık (P<0.05) ve canlı ağırlık artışı (P<0.01)) bakımından önemli farklılıklar gözlenmiştir. Diğer taraftan PTK içeren gruplar arasında farklılık oluşmamıştır. Gelişme dönemine ait eklemeli yem tüketimi, karkas özellikleri ve yaşama gücü bakımından herhangi bir istatistiki farklılık saptanmamıştır (P>0.05). Altıncı hafta sonunda kontrol grubu 3., 4. ve 5. gruplara göre daha iyi yemden yararlanma sağlamıştır (P<0.05). Sonuç olarak büyüme döneminde SK yerine PTK ikamesi yemden yararlanmanın azalmasına neden olmuştur.

Turkish Keywords
Bıldırcın, soya küspesi, pamuk tohumu küspesi, büyüme performansı

Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the effects of cottonseed meal (CSM) incorporated in to growing diets in place of soybean meal (SBM) at different diets on yield traits. In the study, 450 Japanese quails (male and female) were used for growing period. Birds were reared from 1-week age (7 day) to 6 week age (42 day). During this period, the rations with 24% CP and 3000 Kcal/kg ME were used. During experimental period, different five diets of which 0, 30, 58, 86 and 100% of the protein content supplied by SBM were supplied by CSM were used. At the end of the growing experiment, there were significant differences among the experimental groups in terms of body weight (P<0.05) and live weight gain (P<0.01). There were no significant differences among the CSM groups. During the growing period it couldn’t be determined any significant differences in terms of cumulative feed consumption (CFC), carcass traits and viability (P>0.05). Control group have a higher feed conversion ratio (FCR) than 3th, 4th and 5th groups at the end of six weeks period. As a result, adding CSM instead of SBM in growing period decreased feed efficiency.

Keywords
Quail, soybean meal, cottonseed meal, growing performance

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