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Solarizasyon ve Solarizasyonun Tavuk Gübresi ile Kombinasyonunun Bazı Yabancı Otlar ile Buğdayın Verim ve Verim Unsurlarına Etkisi
(Effect of Soil Solarization and Poultry Manure Combination with Solarization on some Weeds, Wheat Yield and Yield Components )

Author : Ünal ASAV  İzzet Kadıoğlu  
Type :
Printing Year : 2009
Number : 2009-2
Page : 19-25


Summary
: Bu çalışma, toprak solarizasyonu ve solarizasyonun tavuk gübresi ile kombinasyonunun bazı yabancı otlara, buğday verim ve verim unsurlarına etkisini belirlemek amacıyla 2003–2005 yılları arasında yürütülmüştür. Tarla denemeleri Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi uygulama alanında kurulmuştur. Solarizasyon denemelerinde 0,02 mm kalınlığında şeffaf polietilen örtüler kullanılmıştır. Tavuk gübresi uygulaması ise solarizasyon uygulamasından hemen önce yapılmıştır. Solarizasyonlu uygulamalarda toprağın bütün derinliklerinde sıcaklıklar uygulamasız kontrole oranla 9–15 ºC arasında artmıştır. Solarizasyon uygulaması bazı yabancı otların yoğunluğunu azaltmıştır. Tek başına solarizasyon ve tavuk gübresi+solarizasyon uygulamaları buğday gelişimine ve verimine de olumlu yönde etki göstermiş, buğday veriminde tek başına solarizasyon birinci yıl % 12,02, ikinci yıl %9,05 ve tavuk gübresi+ solarizasyon uygulaması birinci yıl %16,49, ikinci yıl %19,11 artış sağlamıştır. Aynı uygulamalar buğdayın diğer gelişme unsurlarını da olumlu olarak etkilemiştir.

Turkish Keywords
Solarizasyon, tavuk gübresi, yabancı ot, buğday verimi

Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the effects of soil solarization and poultry manure combinations on some of the common weeds, wheat yield and yield component during 2003-2005 growing seasons. Field experiments were conducted in the research field of Gaziosmanpasa University, Agriculturel Faculty Tokat/Turkey. Solarization experiments were done by using 0,02 mm transparent polyethylene sheets. Solarization increased soil temperatures by 9-15 ºC in soil depths as compared to control. Solarization was reduced some weeds densities. Solarization and poultry manure+solarization applications were good effect on wheat growth and yield. Wheat yield was increased 12,02%, 9,05% and first season 16,49%, second season 19,11% by solarization application and poultry manure+solarization application respectively.

Keywords
Solarization, poultry manure, weeds, wheat yield

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