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Orta Karadeniz Bölgesi İçin Geliştirilen Kişniş (Coriandrum sativum L.) Çesitlerinin Bazı Tarımsal Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi, Verim ve Uçucu Yag Oranının Stabilite Analizi
(Determination of Some Agricultural Traits of Corainder Cultivars Developed for The Middle Black-Sea Region of Turkey, Stability Analyze of the Yield and Volatile Oil Rate Values Aid to Cultivars )

Author : Arslan UZUN  Hüseyin Özçelik, Yıldırım Samil Özden  
Type :
Printing Year : 2010
Number : 2010-1
Page : 1-8


Summary
Kisnis, Apiaceae familyasına mensup önemli bir baharat bitkisi olup, bugün ülkemizin bilhassa Göller yöresi olmak üzere bir çok yerinde tarımı yapılmaktadır. Bu çalısmanın amacı saf hat yöntemi ile gelistirilen 6 kisnis genotipinin adaptasyon kabiliyetleri ile verim ve uçucu yag özelliklerine ait stabilite parametrelerinin belirlenmesidir. Arastırma 2002 ve 2003 yıllarında Samsun (Gelemen ve Bafra) ve Amasya (Tasova) kosullarında yürütülmüstür. Çalısmada bitki boyu, sap kalınlıgı, semsiye sayısı, bin meyve agırlıgı, dekara verim, uçucu yag oranı ve uçucu yag verimi saptanmıstır. Arastırma sonuçlarına göre hatların çiçeklenme gün sayıları 58-66 gün arasında degismistir. Fizyolojik olgunluk dönemine en erken Hatay hattı, en geç Kudret-K hattı ulasmıstır. Verim bakımından Gamze çesidi (141.42 gr/da) en yüksek tohum verimini saglarken, en az verimi Pel-Mus hattı saglamıstır. Buna karsın en yüksek uçucu yag oranı Pel-Mus hattından (%0.54) elde edilmistir. Ayrıca stabilite parametrelerinden regresyon degerlerine bakıldıgında verim bakımından Erbaa (b= 0.979) hattı gösterdigi degerler bakımından digerlerine göre daha stabil oldugu görülmüstür.

Turkish Keywords
Kisnis (Coriandrum sativum L.), Tane Verimi, Uçucu yag oranı, Stabilite

Abstract
Coriander is an important spices plant aid to Apiaceae family and has been cultivated in different places of Turkey, especially in the lakes district. The aim of this study was to determine stability parameters aid to volatile oil traits and adaptation capabilities of 6 Coriander genotypes developed with pure line method. This research was carried out under the Samsun (Gelemen and Bafra counties) and Amasya (Tasova counties) provinces conditions in the years 2002 and 2003. Plant height, stalk thickness, umbrella number, 1000 fruits weight, yield per hectare, volatile oil rate and volatile oil yield values were determined in this study. According to study results it was established that days to flowering for the lines varied between 58-66. Earliest physiological maturing line was Hatay but latest one was Kudret-K. The cultivar Gamze gave maximum grain yield (141.42 gr/ha) whereas minimum yield was obtained from Pel-Mus line. On the other hand, maximum volatile oil rate (0.54%) was obtained from Pel-Mus line. In addition, according to regression values from stability parameters, Erbaa (b= 0.979) line regarding the yield was more stabile than the other lines in respect to its performance values.

Keywords
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), Grain Yield, Volatile Oil Rate, Stability

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