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Türkiye’de Volkanik Tüf Kaya Depolarda Patates Depolaması
(The Potato Storage in The Volcanic Tuff Storages in Turkey )

Author : Turgut ÖZTÜRK    
Type :
Printing Year : 2010
Number : 2010-2
Page : 113-120


Summary
Patatesin kalitesi ve depolama ömrü; yumru nem kaybı, çürüme ve fizyolojik bozulmayla azalmaktadır. Bu bozulmalar doğrudan doğruya depo sıcaklığı, bağıl nemi, havalandırma ve gaz kompozisyonuyla ilişkilidir. Patates canlı bir organizma olduğu için depolamada etkin bir yönetim ister. Patatesin güvenli bir şekilde depolanabilmesi için uygun depolama sistemlerini saptamak amacıyla birçok çalışma yürütülmüştür. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de Niğde ve Nevşehir yörelerinde patates depolamak amacıyla kullanılan ve dünyada bir örneği daha olmayan volkanik tüf kaya depolama sistemi hakkında bilgi verilmiştir. Bu depolar herhangi bir soğutma veya ısıtma donanımına sahip değildir. Bundan dolayı bu depolarda patates depolama firmalar için büyük bir maliyet avantajı sağlamaktadır. Türkiye’de birçok ticari firma bu fiyat avantajından faydalanmak amacıyla patates depolamasında volkanik tüf kaya depoları tercih etmektedir. Bu amaçla bölgede depo olarak kullanılmak amacıyla iki binin üzerinde volkanik tüf kaya depo bulunmaktadır.

Turkish Keywords
Patates, Depolama, Volkanik Tüf

Abstract
The quality of potato, and its storage life, is reduced by the loss of moisture, decay and physiological breakdown. These deteriorations are directly related to storage temperature, relative humidity, air circulation and gas composition. Potatoes being a living organism require an effective management for storage. Many studies have been carried to investigate the suitability of various storage systems for safe storage of potatoes. In this study, the knowledge about volcanic tuff storages used in potato storage in Niğde and Nevşehir regions in Turkey, does not have an example in the world has been given. These storages have not any cooling and heating equipment. Hence, potato storage in these warehouses brings an important cost advantage for companies. In Turkey, many commercial companies wishing to benefit from this cost advantage prefer to volcanic tuff storages for the storage of potatoes. There are over two thousand volcanic tuff storage formed for this purpose in the region.

Keywords
Potato, Storage, Volcanic Tuff

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