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Türkiye’nin Tarımsal Yapısı ve Mekanizasyon Durumu
(Agricultural Structure and Mechanization Level of Turkey )

Author : Mehmet Metin ÖZGÜVEN  Ufuk Türker, Abdullah Beyaz  
Type :
Printing Year : 2010
Number : 2010-2
Page : 89-100


Summary
Ülkemizde tarım makinaları sektörü 58 yıllık bir geçmiGe sahiptir. Bu sektörde, mekanizasyon düzeyinin önemli kriterleri olan birim alan baGına traktör gücü, birim tarım alanındaki traktör yoğunluğu, traktör baGına alan ve iGletme baGına düGen traktör sayısı 2009 yılı ortalaması sırasıyla 2,42 (kW/ha), 56,25 (traktör/1000ha), 17,78 (ha/traktör) ve 444,65 (traktör/1000iGletme) değerleri ile geliGmiG ülke değerlerinin gerisinde yer almaktadır. Tarım bölgeleri arasındaki yapısal farklılık, bölgelerin mekanizasyon düzeylerinde artarak gözlenmektedir. Traktör yoğunluğu, Marmara, Ege, Akdeniz ve Karadeniz bölgelerinde Türkiye ortalamasının üstünde, diğer bölgelerde ise ülke ortalamasının altındadır. Traktör yoğunluğu değeri açısından bakıldığında, yoğunluğun en yüksek olduğu bölgeler ile düGük yoğunluklu bölgeler arasındaki fark 4-5 kata kadar çıkabilmektedir.

Turkish Keywords
Tarımsal Yapı, Tarımsal Mekanizasyon Düzeyi, Tarım Makinaları, Traktör

Abstract
In Turkey, agricultural machinery sector has a history of 58 years. In this sector, a significant criteria for the level of mechanization is that the tractor power per area (ha), the number of tractor per area (ha), area (ha) per tractor and the number of tractors per 1000 enterprises respectively 2,42 (kW/ha), 56,25 (tractors/1000ha), 17,75 (ha/tractor) and 444,65 (tractor/1000enterprises) stay behind the values for the developed countries for the average number in 2009. The more structural differences among regions are observed, the more increase in the levels of mechanization of the regions. Tractor density, Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions are above the average value for Turkey, while those of the other regions are below the average value for Turkey. When the density value of the tractor is compared, the ratio between the highest density and the lowest tractor density can be differed 4-5 times between the regions in Turkey.

Keywords
Agricultural Structure, Agricultural Mechanization Level, Agricultural Machinery, Tractor

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