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Öğütülmüş Atık Plastik (PET) Katkılı Sıvaların Tarımsal Yapılarda Kullanılabilirliği
(A Study of Used Ground Waste Plastics (PET) Containing an Additive the Plasters on Agricultural Structures )

Author : Selçuk MEMİŞ  İbrahim ÖRÜNG  
Type :
Printing Year : 2012
Number : 2012-2
Page : 19-27


Summary
Bu çalışmada, atık plastik (polyethylene tereftalat (PET)) şişeler toplanarak öğütülmüş ve sıva malzemesi olarak tarımsal yapılarda kullanılabilirliği araştırılmıştır. Atık plastik (PET) şişeler laboratuarda öğütülerek, 4 mm çapındaki elek altına geçen tanecikler, çimento, çimento-kireç ve kireç bağlayıcılarla sıva malzemesi olarak belirli oranlarında agrega yerine kullanılmıştır. Agrega ağırlığının % 0, % 2.5, % 5, % 7.5 ve % 10 oranlarında atık plastik katılarak örnekler hazırlanmış ve bu örneklerin önemli bazı fiziksel ve mekanik özellikleri belirlenerek kontrol gruplarıyla karşılaştırılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda; atık plastik katkısı ile üretilen sıva örneklerinin basınç dayanımları, eğilme dayanımları, birim ağırlık ve özgül ağırlıklarının düştüğü, donma-çözülme dayanıklılığının azaldığı, su emme oranının arttığı, ısıl iletkenlik değerlerinin ve çatlak oluşumlarının azaldığı görülmüştür. Çevre koşullarının önemli olduğu tarımsal yapılarda bu özelliklerin göz önüne alınarak, öğütülmüş atık plastik katkılı sıvaların kullanılmasının yararlar sağlayabileceği söylenebilir.

Turkish Keywords
Sıva, atık plastik, tarımsal yapılar

Abstract
This experimental study was to investigate the effects of using waste plastic (polyethylene terepthalate (PET)) bottles grounded collected from waste areas, as plaster materials mixes in agricultural buildings. In the study, waste plastic (PET) bottles used were separated in the form of granules of about 4 mm diameter and used to instead of aggregate in cement, cement-lime and lime stringent plaster. According to determined mix-rate, samples produced by adding plastic at the rates of % 0, % 2.5, % 5, % 7.5 and % 10 of aggregate weight. For these samples; some important physical and mechanical properties were determined and compared with the values of estimated for control groups. The obtained results showed that granule waste PET use of aggregate replacement; plasters’ compressive strength, flexure tensile strength, bulk density and unit weight decrease, freezing-thawing disabilities reduce, water absorptions increase, heat conductivities decrease and forming the cracking’s reduce compared to the control groups. In agricultural buildings, where environmental conditions are important, considering these peculiarities applying grounded waste plastics (PET) that include additive plasters may provide advantage.

Keywords
Plaster, waste plastic, agricultural buildings

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